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The effects on the green alga Chlorella vulgaris of 40 herbicides in 19 different chemical structure classes and with 11 dissimilar modes of action were studied through 96-h acute toxicity tests. Experimental results indicated that the average acute toxicity of acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides to C. vulgaris was close to those of the(More)
Members of the ATP Binding Cassette B/Multidrug-Resistance/P-glyco-protein (ABCB/MDR/PGP) subfamily were shown to function primarily in Oryza sativa (rice) auxin transport; however, none of the rice ABCB transporters have been functionally characterized. Here, we describe that a knock-down of OsABCB14 confers decreased auxin concentrations and polar auxin(More)
Growth-inhibiting tests were carried out for 12 pesticides (including 11 fungicides: fosetyl-aluminum, benomyl, metalaxyl, iprodione, dimetachlone, carbendazim, thiophanate-methyl, bismerthiazol, procymidone, zineb, chlorothalonil, and the acaricide abamectin) in the green algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Scenedesmus obliqnus and the differential(More)
In land plants, the NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (NDH) complex reduces plastoquinones and drives cyclic electron flow (CEF) around PSI. It also produces extra ATP for photosynthesis and improves plant fitness under conditions of abiotic environmental stress. To elucidate the role of CEF in salt tolerance of the photosynthetic apparatus, Na(+) concentration,(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are important components of soil microbial communities, and play important role in plant growth. However, the effects of AMF phylogenetic groups (Glomeraceae and non-Glomeraceae) on host plant under various heavy metal levels are not clear. Here we conducted a meta-analysis to compare symbiotic relationship between AMF(More)
Legumes are widely used in many cropping systems because they share their nitrogen fixation products and phosphorus mobilization activities with their neighbors. In the current study, however, we showed that co-cultivation with legumes increased cadmium (Cd) contamination in the adjacent crops. Both field and mesocosm experiments indicated that legumes(More)
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