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Biochar derived from partial combustion of vegetation is ubiquitous and potentially effective in sequestration of environmental contaminants. Biochars were prepared by burning of red gum (Eucalyptus spp.) woodchips at 450 and 850 degrees C (labeled as BC450 and BC850). These two biochars were found to possess markedly different properties in terms of(More)
Molecular imprinting technique offers a means of producing practical materials that are able to recognize a certain molecule in terms of shape, size and chemical functionality. In order to obtain a highly selective recognition of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs), we synthesized molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) using pirimiphos-methyl as the template,(More)
The accumulation status, sources and phytoavailability of selected metals in greenhouse vegetable production systems in peri-urban areas of Beijing were investigated. The mean concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb in greenhouse soils were 8.44, 0.25, 69.0, 0.09 and 22.0 mg kg(-1), dw, respectively. According to principal component analysis, As, Cd, Cr and(More)
A label-free sensing assay for ethanolamine (EA) detection based on G-quadruplex-EA binding interaction is presented by using G-rich aptamer DNA (Ap-DNA) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The presence of K(+) induces the Ap-DNA to form a K(+)-stabilized G-quadruplex structure which provides binding sites for EA. The sensing mechanism was(More)
Soil samples were collected from five provinces over China, including Beijing, Xinjiang, Heilongjiang, Yunnan, and Jiangsu. Heavy metal Cr, Zn, Pb and As in soils were analyzed by a portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF). For predicating metal concentration in soils, a partial least square regression model (PLSR) was established. After(More)
Human hair of different age groups and foodstuff samples were collected in Beijing, China. The concerned metals-Cd, Cr, Pb, As, and Hg-were analyzed, and the metal levels in relation to age, gender, and dietary intake were further assessed. Results showed the highest level of the metals was shown by Pb, with an average concentration of 1.557 ± 0.779 mg/kg,(More)
Soil classification systems organize soil variability into useful groupings that can be identified by field investigation and documented in soil survey, and form the basis for the exchange and extension of soil science research and soil resources management. Fuzzy clustering analysis may be used whenever a composite classification of soil incorporates(More)
Research on digital image processing technology, which began in 1960s, stepped into an active research stage in late 1970s and early 1980s. It was firstly used in industrial and biomedical fields. Although it put into use in agricultural research very late, it has a broad prospect. In order to realize navel orange grading, this paper used Visual C # .NET(More)
The temporal and spatial variations of phoxim residue in apples were studied. The insecticide phoxim was applied by spraying according to the recommended dosage. The phoxim residues in different parts of apple were extracted with acetonitrile, purified by primary secondary amine (PSA) and C18 filler, and then determined by gel permeation chromatography-gas(More)