Learn More
Efficient photosynthetic energy transduction and its regulation depend on a precise supramolecular arrangement of the plant photosystem II (PSII) complex in grana membranes of chloroplasts. The topography of isolated photosystem II supercomplexes and the supramolecular organization of this complex in grana membrane preparations are visualized by(More)
The excitation energy transfer between photosystem (PS) II complexes was studied in isolated grana disks and thylakoids using chlorophyll a fluorescence induction measurements in the presence of DCMU under stacked and destacked conditions. Destacking of grana was achieved using a sonication protocol in a buffer without MgCl(2). The degree of stacking was(More)
Topographically patterned surfaces are known to influence cellular behavior in a controllable manner. However, the relatively large surface areas (several cm2) required for many biomaterial applications are beyond the practical limits of traditional lithography. Langmuir-Blodgett lithography, a recently developed method, was used to fabricate regularly(More)
The formation of regular stripe patterns during transfer of surfactant monolayers onto solid substrates is investigated. Two coupled differential equations describing the surfactant density and the height profile of the water subphase are derived within the lubrication approximation. If the transfer is carried out in the vicinity of a first order phase(More)
This Account describes a new paradigm, Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) patterning, for large-area patterning with mesostructured features based on the well-established LB technique. This strategy uses a simple fabrication technique to control the alignment, size, shape, and periodicity of self-organized phospholipid monolayer patterns with feature sizes down to 100(More)
Pluripotent stem cells have the potential to develop into all cell types of the adult body. Besides chemical and mechanical cues, topographical effect of surfaces could also contribute to the development of new therapies in regenerative medicine. In the present study, we tested the effects of nanograting substrates with different widths (width:350 nm/2 μm/5(More)
We report the controllability of the complexity of surface-supported supramolecular assembly on metal surfaces. By introducing mismatch between the molecular packing and the surface atomic periodicity in the systems with comparable strength of intermolecular and molecule-substrate interactions, a homomolecular assembly exhibiting two-dimensional multilevel(More)
A simple approach to wafer-scale self-cleaning antireflective hierarchical silicon structures is demonstrated. By employing the KOH etching and silver catalytic etching, pyramidal hierarchical structures were generated on the crystalline silicon wafer, which exhibit strong antireflection and superhydrophobic properties after fluorination. Furthermore, a(More)
This work highlights the importance of in situ experiments for an improved understanding of graphene growth on copper via metal-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Graphene growth inside the chamber of a modified environmental scanning electron microscope under relevant low-pressure CVD conditions allows visualizing structural dynamics of the active(More)