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Auxin signaling has a vital function in the regulation of plant growth and development, both which are known to be mediated by auxin-responsive genes. So far, significant progress has been made toward the identification and characterization of auxin-response genes in several model plants, while no systematic analysis for these families was reported in(More)
Cell cycle re-entry is one of the key processes in neuronal apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that Ski-interacting protein (SKIP) played an important role in cell cycle re-entry. However, its expression and function in optic nerve injury are still with limited acquaintance. To investigate whether SKIP is involved in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) death,(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades have important functions in plant growth, development, and response to various stresses. The MAPKK and MAPKKK gene families in tomato have never been systematically analyzed. In this study, we performed a genome-wide analysis of the MAPKK and MAPKKK gene families in tomato and identified 5 MAPKK genes and 89(More)
Malicious executables are programs designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the owner's consent, which have become a serious threat to the security of computer systems. There is an urgent need for effective techniques to detect polymorphic, metamorphic and previously unseen malicious executables of which detection fails in most of the(More)
The ability to cluster high-dimensional categorical data is essential for many machine learning applications such as bioinfomatics. Currently, central clustering of categorical data is a difficult problem due to the lack of a geometrically interpretable definition of a cluster center. In this paper, we propose a novel kernel-density-based definition using a(More)
Clustering high dimensional data is a big challenge in data mining due to the curse of dimensionality. To solve this problem, projective clustering has been defined as an extension of traditional clustering that seeks to find projected clusters in subsets of dimensions of a data space. In this paper, the problem of modeling projected clusters is first(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade consists of three types of reversibly phosphorylated kinases, namely, MAPK, MAPK kinase (MAPKK/MEK), and MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK/MEKK), playing important roles in plant growth, development, and defense response. The MAPK cascade genes have been investigated in detail in model plants, including(More)