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Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an important grain crop that is grown in arid regions. Here we sequenced 916 diverse foxtail millet varieties, identified 2.58 million SNPs and used 0.8 million common SNPs to construct a haplotype map of the foxtail millet genome. We classified the foxtail millet varieties into two divergent groups that are strongly(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the surgical versus transcatheter approach to correct perimembranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSDs) in a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. BACKGROUND pmVSD is a common congenital heart disease in children. Surgical closure of pmVSD is a(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter closure for perimembranous ventricular septal defect (pmVSD) and its long-term results. The most common congenital heart condition is pmVSD. Transcatheter closure of pmVSD is a recently described technique with limited results for mid- to long-term follow-up. METHODS AND(More)
ZL11n is a novel furoxan-based nitric oxide (NO)-releasing derivative of farnesylthiosalicylic acid. In this study, we examined the anticancer effects and the potential mechanism of action of ZL11n in vitro and in vivo. It was found that ZL11n exhibited a favorable, selective cytotoxic effect in the HepG2 cell line. The yield of NO in the ZL11n treated(More)
Autophagy is a highly regulated and multistep biological process whereby cells under metabolic, proteotoxic, or other stresses remove dysfunctional organelles and/or misfolded/polyubiquitinated proteins by shuttling them via specialized structures called autophagosomes to the lysosome for degradation. Although autophagy is generally considered to be a(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been regarded as major critical molecules assisting tumor cells during angiogenesis and metastasis. Enhanced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) invasion and metastasis. DNAzyme is a single-stranded DNA catalyst that can be engineered to bind to(More)
In this study, we describe that a novel synthesized compound, olean-28,13β-olide 2 (OLO-2), exhibits selective cytotoxic activity via inducing apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines but not normal human hepatic cells in vitro. Exposure of human HCC HepG2 cells to OLO-2 results in significant loss of mitochondrial transmembrane(More)
Covalent attachment of carbohydrates to proteins is one of the most common post-translational modifications. At the cell surface, sugar moieties of glycoproteins contribute to molecular recognition events involved in cancer metastasis. We have combined glycan metabolic labeling with mass spectrometry analysis to identify and characterize(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway is important in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) pathogenesis. Activated PI3K and its downstream target Akt are concernful signaling molecules and key survival factors involved in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis and oncogenesis. The protein kinase Akt1, one of the Akt family members, is(More)
The latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), which is encoded by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), is an important oncogenic protein that is closely related to carcinogenesis and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a prevalent cancer in China. We previously reported that the expression of the functional chemokine receptor CXCR4 is associated with human NPC(More)