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Histone acetylation is an important posttranslational modification correlated with gene activation. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), the histone acetyltransferase AtHAC1 is homologous to animal p300/CREB (cAMP-responsive element-binding protein)-binding proteins, which are the main histone acetyltransferases participating in many physiological(More)
The WUSCHEL related homeobox (WOX) genes play key roles in stem cell maintenance, embryonic patterning, and lateral organ development. WOX genes have been categorized into three clades--ancient, intermediate, and modern/WUS--based on phylogenetic analysis, but a functional basis for this classification has not been established. Using the classical bladeless(More)
Dicot leaf primordia initiate at the flanks of the shoot apical meristem and extend laterally by cell division and cell expansion to form the flat lamina, but the molecular mechanism of lamina outgrowth remains unclear. Here, we report the identification of STENOFOLIA (STF), a WUSCHEL-like homeobox transcriptional regulator, in Medicago truncatula, which is(More)
Human PROTEIN ARGININE METHYLTRANSFERASE5 (PRMT5) encodes a type II protein arginine (Arg) methyltransferase and its homologs in animals and yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe) are known to regulate RNA processing, signal transduction, and gene expression. However, PRMT5 homologs in higher plants have not yet been reported and the(More)
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, has been a target in the U.S. as a renewable bioenergy crop because of its ability to produce moderate to high biomass yield on marginal soils. Delaying flowering can increase vegetative biomass production by allowing prolonged growth before switching to the(More)
CARM1/PRMT4 (for COACTIVATOR-ASSOCIATED ARGININE METHYLTRANSFERASE1/PROTEIN ARGININE METHYLTRANSFERASE4) catalyzes asymmetric dimethylation on arginine (Arg), and its functions in gene regulation is understood only in animal systems. Here, we describe AtPRMT4a and AtPRMT4b as a pair of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) homologs of mammalian CARM1/PRMT4.(More)
In plants, histone H3 lysine methyltransferases are important in gene silencing and developmental regulation; however, the roles of histone H4 methylation in plant development remain unclear. Recent studies found a type II histone arginine methyltransferase, AtPRTM5, which is involved in promoting growth and flowering. Here, we purified a dimerized(More)
In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the RNAi pathway is required for the formation of pericentric heterochromatin, proper chromosome segregation, and repression of pericentric meiotic recombination. Here we demonstrate that, when the activity of the histone H3 Lys 14 (H3K14) acetyltransferase Mst2 is eliminated, the RNAi machinery is no longer required for(More)
We recently reported that the Medicago WOX gene, STENOFOLIA (STF), acts as a transcriptional repressor in regulating leaf blade outgrowth. By using the Nicotiana sylvestris bladeless lam1 mutant as a genetic tool, we showed that the WUS-box, which is conserved among WUS clade WOX genes, is partly responsible for the repressive activity of STF. All members(More)
Arginine methylation of histone H3 and H4 plays important roles in transcriptional regulation in eukaryotes such as yeasts, fruitflies, nematode worms, fish and mammals; however, less is known in plants. In the present paper, we report the identification and characterization of two Arabidopsis thaliana protein arginine N-methyltransferases, AtPRMT1a and(More)