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In sernidefinite programming, one minimizes a linear function subject to the constraint that an affine combination of synunetric matrices is positive semidefinite. Such a constraint is nonlinear and nonsmooth, but convex, so semidefinite programs are convex optimization problems. Semidefinite programming unifies several standard problems (e.g., linear and… (More)

The nuclear norm (sum of singular values) of a matrix is often used in convex heuristics for rank minimization problems in control, signal processing, and statistics. Such heuristics can be viewed as extensions of ℓ 1-norm minimization techniques for cardinality minimization and sparse signal estimation. In this paper we consider the problem of minimizing… (More)

A sharp lower bound on the probability of a set defined by quadratic inequalities, given the first two moments of the distribution, can be efficiently computed using convex optimization. This result generalizes Chebyshev's inequality for univariate random variables. Two semidefinite programming formulations are presented, with a constructive proof based on… (More)

We discuss convex optimization problems where some of the variables are constrained to be finite autocorrelation sequences. Problems of this form arise in signal processing and communications, and we describe applications in filter design and system identification. Autocorrelation constraints in optimization problems are often approximated by sampling the… (More)

We present a system identification method for problems with partially missing inputs and outputs. The method is based on a subspace formulation and uses the nuclear norm heuristic for structured low-rank matrix approximation, with the missing input and output values as the optimization variables. We also present a fast implementation of the alternating… (More)

We describe a potential reduction method for convex optimization problems involving matrix inequalities. The method is based on the theory developed by Nesterov and Nemirovsky and generalizes Gonzaga and Todd's method for linear programming. A worst-case analysis shows that the number of iterations grows as the square root of the problem size, but in… (More)

Several important problems in control theory can be reformulated as semidefinite programming problems, i.e., minimization of a linear objective subject to Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI) constraints. From convex optimization duality theory, conditions for infeasibility of the LMIs as well as dual optimization problems can be formulated. These can in turn be… (More)

We describe algorithms for maximum likelihood estimation of Gaussian graphical models with conditional independence constraints. This problem is also known as covariance selection, and it can be expressed as an unconstrained convex optimization problem with a closed-form solution if the underlying graph is chordal. The focus of the paper is on iterative… (More)

We consider the problem of determining optimal wire widths for a power or ground network, subject to limits on wire widths, voltage drops, total wire area, current density, and power dissipation. To account for the variation of the current demand, we model it as a random vector with known statistics, possibly including correlation between subsystem… (More)