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Tumor necrosis factor TNF can trigger increases in membrane conductance of mammalian cells in a receptor-independent manner via its lectin-like domain. A lectin-deficient TNF mutant, lacking this activity, was able to bind to artificial liposomes in a pH-dependent manner, but not to insert into the bilayer, just like wild type TNF. A peptide mimicking the(More)
The conditioned medium of the murine macrophage PU5.1.8 was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in order to detect LPS-induced proteins. Spots of interest were identified by microsequencing of internal peptides generated by limited in situ acid hydrolysis. In total conditioned medium, several monokines (TNF-alpha and macrophage inflammatory(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), but not lymphotoxin (LT), is directly trypanolytic for salivarian trypanosomes. This activity was not blocked by soluble 55-kilodalton and 75-kilodalton TNF receptors, but was potently inhibited by N,N'-diacetylchitobiose, an oligosaccharide that binds TNF. Comparative sequence analysis of TNF and LT localized the trypanocidal(More)
Herein, we show that TNF exerts a pH-dependent increase in membrane conductance in primary lung microvascular endothelial cells and peritoneal macrophages. This effect was TNF receptor-independent, since it also occurred in cells isolated from mice deficient in both types of TNF receptors. A TNF mutant in which the three amino acids critical for the(More)
Successive coculture of Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL) cells with T cell-derived lymphokines and LPS-activated macrophages has led to the acquisition of 3LL tumor variants (macrophage-resistant 3LL tumor variants (3LL-R)), manifesting a highly reduced sensitivity to the cytotoxic potential of T cell-derived lymphokines and LPS-activated macrophages and(More)
In this study, we characterised the anti-tumour as well as the pro-metastatic activities of TNF mutants deficient in their lectin-like activity.1619 We report that, despite reduced systemic toxicity as compared to wild-type (wt) mTNF, a (T104A) and a (T104A-E106A-E109A) mTNF mutant (triple mTNF) retained most of their necrotic and tumouristatic activities,(More)
A protein was isolated from rat C6 glioma-conditioned medium and was biochemically characterized. The heparin-binding protein has a native molecular mass of 55-75,000 Da, a molecular mass of 40-48,000 Da under denaturing conditions, and a pI of 5.0-6.0. Based on the determined partial amino acid sequences, the full lenght cDNA encoding the rat and human(More)
The conditions under which tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) induces apoptosis in primary microvascular endothelial cells (MVEC) were investigated. In the absence of sensitizing agents, TNF induced apoptosis after 3 days of incubation in confluent MVEC. In contrast, upon addition of the transcriptional inhibitor actinomycin D (Act. D), confluence was no(More)