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How an insect evolves to become a successful herbivore is of profound biological and practical importance. Herbivores are often adapted to feed on a specific group of evolutionarily and biochemically related host plants, but the genetic and molecular bases for adaptation to plant defense compounds remain poorly understood. We report the first whole-genome(More)
The potential effects of agroforestry systems on conservation and development have been well documented. Panama has seen a substantial rise in the number of projects with an agroforestry component in the 1990s. There has been insufficient research on the actual impacts of these projects on smallholders and of farmers' attitudes towards these systems. This(More)
We investigated the impacts of clearcutting on the ground vegetation of remnant late-successional coastal Acadian forests in southwestern Nova Scotia. Vegetation was sampled in 750 1-m2 quadrats established in 16 stands belonging to different recovery periods since clearcutting (3–54 years) and 9 late-successional forests (100–165 years) with no signs of(More)
Deforestation is proceeding at alarming rates in the Central American Republic of Panama. This is leading to high losses of biodiversity, local wood shortages, increased erosion, and the sedimentation of water bodies. One of the principal causes of deforestation is the expansion of the agricultural frontier through extensive shifting cultivation systems.(More)
 Allium tricoccumvar. burdickii is a rare species in Nova Scotia, growing in isolated populations. Genetic variation was investigated in three populations using cellulose acetate gel electrophoresis. The results showed that all 13 enzyme loci were polymorphic. An excess of heterozygotes was found in all populations. A total of 29 genotypes were detected in(More)
Strain FLQ-11-1, isolated from sewage sludge, was able to degrade cyfluthrin and was identified as Lysinibacillus sphaericus based on its morphology, 16S rRNA sequence and fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analyses. This strain could use cyfluthrin as its carbon or nitrogen source. Response surface methodology (RSM) analysis showed that the optimum conditions(More)
In Quebec, municipal sewage sludge application on agricultural lands is relatively recent and there are many concerns related to potential contamination and loss of plant productivity. This study aimed at monitoring the impacts of repeated, long-term application of sewage sludge on agricultural lands under operating field conditions. Eight paired study(More)
We present here the de novo assembly and annotation of the transcriptome of Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth (DBM)), a widespread destructive pest of cruciferous plants, using short reads generated by Illumina sequencing from different developmental stages and insecticide-resistant strains. A total of 171,262 non-redundant sequences, denoted as(More)
BACKGROUND Insect midgut microbiota is important in host nutrition, development and immune response. Recent studies indicate possible links between insect gut microbiota and resistance to biological and chemical toxins. Studies of this phenomenon and symbionts in general have been hampered by difficulties in culture-based approach. In the present study, DNA(More)