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Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are involved in the transmission of a variety of pathogens, the economically most important being the orbiviruses that cause bluetongue and African horse sickness; both of which have been shown to be multi-vector diseases. The identification of all potential vectors will be crucial for the implementation(More)
Loci on the third chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster that affect an index of wing shape were mapped, using recombinant isogenic lines, with transposable elements as markers. Many genes with small subequal effects are dispersed along the whole chromosome. Their alleles act nearly additively in heterozygotes. They have small correlated effects on leg(More)
Genetic effects on an index of wing shape on chromosome 2 of Drosophila melanogaster were mapped using isogenic recombinants with transposable element markers. At least 10 genes with small additive effects are dispersed evenly along the chromosome. Many interactions exist, with only small net effects in homozygous recombinants and little effect on(More)
Onderstepoort 220 V suction light traps were operated at four sites at the ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute to collect Culicoides midges (Diptera; Ceratopogonidae) at 0.6, 1.4, 2.2 and 2.8 m above ground level. Trap heights at these four sites were alternated in three replicates of a 4 x 4 randomized Latin square design. Culicoides midges belonging to(More)
Despite some shortcomings, suction light traps are the primary monitoring tool for the collection of Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Factors that may increase the efficiency of these traps need to be investigated. In the present study the numbers of Culicoides midges collected with two Onderstepoort black light traps baited with a mixture of(More)
The efficacy of a 15% (w/w) mixture of octanoic, nonanoic and decanoic acids in light mineral oil to repel Culicoides biting midges (Diptera; Ceratopogonidae) was determined in three replicates of a 4 × 4 Latin square design under South African field conditions. The fatty acids were applied to ± 0.07 m(2) polyester meshes with a mesh size 2-3mm fitted to(More)
Despite some limitations suction light traps are the primary tools used for the collection of Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). The range of attraction of the Onderstepoort light trap is not known but an insight into the range of a trap will determine where the trap must be positioned relative to the hosts present, possible breeding sites and(More)
To implement risk management against diseases transmitted by species of Culicoides Latreille, 1809 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), it is essential to identify all potential vectors. Light traps are the most commonly used tool for the collection of Culicoides midges. Given the indiscriminate artificial attraction of light, traps will collect all night-flying(More)
A survey of viruses affecting grapevine in the wine regions of the Western Cape Province in South Africa was conducted. The survey determined the relative abundance of five different Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) variants. Virus profiles were also determined for individual vines. A total of 315 plants were sampled and analysed over two(More)