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Troubleshooting in a practice situation requires two types of information, namely for reasoning about the problem-cause and for finding an adequate solution (declarative information) and for manipulating the environment (procedural information). It is hypothesized that presenting this information piece-by-piece during practice (i.e., presentation of(More)
This study compared the effects of two information presentation formats on learning to solve problems in electrical circuits. In one condition, the split-source format, information relating to procedural aspects of the functioning of an electrical circuit was not integrated in a circuit diagram, while information in the integrated format condition was(More)
Tutors have only limited time to support the learning process. In this paper we introduce a model that helps to answer the questions of students. It invokes the knowledge and skills of fellow-students, who jointly form an ad hoc, transient community. The paper situates the model within the context of a Learning Network, a self-organized, distributed system,(More)
To enhance users' social embedding within learning networks, we propose to establish ad hoc transient communities. These communities serve a particular goal, exist for a limited period of time and operate according to specific social exchange policies that foster knowledge sharing. This paper explores the theoretical underpinnings of such communities. To(More)