Liesbet Van Heirstraeten

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Acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs), both upper (URTIs) and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), are the most common reason for consultation with a general practitioner. RTIs result in about 180 million antibiotic prescriptions per year in the EU-27 member states (ESAC website, 2008; www.esac.ua.ac.be), and 6.4 million antibiotic prescriptions(More)
In Belgium, decreasing macrolide, lincosamide, streptogramins B, and tetracycline use during 1997-2007 correlated significantly with decreasing macrolide-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes during 1999-2009. Maintaining drug use below a critical threshold corresponded with low-level macrolide-resistant S. pyogenes and an increased number of erm(A)-harboring(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes and its in vitro selection by ciprofloxacin and the respiratory fluoroquinolones, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin. METHODS S. pyogenes (n = 5851) recovered from pharyngitis and invasive infections during 2003-06 in Belgium were screened for fluoroquinolone(More)
The diagnostic sensitivities of the BD GeneOhm and Cepheid Xpert assays were compared using culture on log-serial dilutions of well-characterized methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and non-MRSA strains and on nasal and groin swabs from patients with histories of MRSA carriage. The sensitivities of GeneOhm and Xpert were high at 10(3)-CFU/ml(More)
BACKGROUND We identified erm(A)-harbouring Streptococcus pyogenes that expressed three variant phenotypes: (1) low-level resistance to erythromycin (MICs 1-4 mg/L) but high azithromycin MICs in absolute terms (16-64 mg/L; n=6); (2) same as (1) but with a high clindamycin MIC (256 mg/L; n=1); and (3) high-level constitutive MLS (cMLS) resistance (n=1). Here(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the temporal evolution of fluoroquinolone non-susceptibility among Streptococcus pyogenes during 2007-10 in Belgium. METHODS S. pyogenes (n = 4690) recovered from patients with tonsillopharyngitis or skin, wound or invasive infections were screened for fluoroquinolone non-susceptibility. A selection of fluoroquinolone-non-susceptible(More)
In this paper, we describe the development of an automated sample preparation procedure for etiological agents of community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections (CA-LRTI). The consecutive assay steps, including sample re-suspension, pre-treatment, lysis, nucleic acid purification, and concentration, were integrated into a microfluidic lab-on-a-chip(More)
We compared the impacts of direct plating on a chromogenic medium and of plating after enrichment (4 h and overnight) on the detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from 52 patient screening samples. MRSA colony counts for approximately 70% of samples after overnight pre-enrichment were >20-fold higher than the counts after the other(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of amoxicillin treatment on resistance selection in patients with community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS Patients were prescribed amoxicillin 1 g, three times daily (n = 52) or placebo (n = 50) for 7 days. Oropharyngeal swabs obtained before, within 48 h(More)
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