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In response to DNA damage, ataxia-telangiectasia mutant and ataxia-telangiectasia and Rad-3 activate p53, resulting in either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. We report here that DNA damage stimuli, including etoposide (ETOP), adriamycin (ADR), ionizing irradiation (IR), and ultraviolet irradiation (UV) activate ERK1/2 (ERK) mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
We characterized the primase complex of the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus. The two proteins, Pfup41 and Pfup46, have similar sequences to the p48 and p58 subunits, respectively, of the eukaryotic DNA polymerase alpha-primase complex. Unlike previously reported primases, the Pfup41 preferentially utilizes deoxyribonucleotides for its de(More)
Chromatin structure is influenced by histone modification, and this may help direct chromatin behavior to facilitate transcription, DNA replication, and DNA repair. Chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation are the classic nuclear features but remain poorly characterized. It is highly probable that nucleosomal structure must be altered to allow these(More)
Glomerular capillary hypertension is an important determinant of glomerulosclerosis in rats with subtotal renal ablation. Dietary supplementation with L-arginine increases renal nitric oxide (NO) production and limits glomerular injury in this model, and early benefits are seen without altered glomerular capillary pressure. In an in vitro model of(More)
Calreticulin (CRT) is an ubiquitous, highly conserved, Ca(2+)-binding protein of the sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticulum. The precise function(s) of CRT is unknown. However, based on sequence analyses and observations that it may bind to steroid receptors and integrins and store Ca2+ within the cell, it has been postulated to play a "housekeeping" role.(More)
P14/p19ARF (ARF) plays a major role in the activation of p53 by oncogenic signals. The biochemical basis of this has not been fully elucidated. We report here that forced expression of p14ARF enhances phosphorylation of p53 serine 15 (p53S15) in NIH3T3, IMR90 and MCF7 cells. Ectopic expression of the oncogenes c-myc, E2F1 and E1A, all of which activate p53(More)
Thrombomodulin is a vascular endothelial cell transmembrane protein that forms a 1:1 complex with thrombin, this interaction product forming the basis of a physiologically important natural anticoagulant system. Transcriptional down-regulation of thrombomodulin occurs following exposure of cultured endothelial cells to cytokines, while up-regulation is(More)
Increased glomerular hydrostatic pressure is an important determinant of glomerulosclerosis and can be modeled by in vitro exposure of mesangial cells to cyclic mechanical strain. Stretched mesangial cells increase extracellular matrix protein production, the hallmark of glomerulosclerosis. Recent data indicate that the serine/threonine kinase Akt may be(More)
While p14(ARF) suppression of tumorigenesis in a p53-dependent manner is well studied, the mechanism by which p14(ARF) inhibits tumorigenesis independently of p53 remains elusive. A variety of factors have been reported to play a role in this latter process. We report here that p14(ARF) displays different effects on the anchorage-dependent and -independent(More)
Glomerular capillary hypertension is a determinant of glomerulosclerosis and is modelled in vitro by exposure of mesangial cells to cyclic mechanical strain. In response to strain, Erk is activated and mediates extracellular matrix accumulation and mesangial cell proliferation. Erk activation is dependent on an intact cytoskeleton. Since Raf-1 lies upstream(More)
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