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Myxomatous mitral valve prolapse (MMVP) and fibroelastic deficiency (FED) are two common variants of degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD), which is a leading cause of mitral regurgitation worldwide. While pathohistological studies have revealed differences in extracellular matrix content in MMVP and FED, the molecular mechanisms underlying these two(More)
BACKGROUND Thymosin beta-4 (TB4) is an X-linked gene product with cardioprotective properties. Little is known about plasma concentration of TB4 in heart failure (HF), and its relationship with other cardiovascular biomarkers. We sought to evaluate circulating TB4 in HF patients with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) ejection fraction compared to non-HF(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Phonocardiography is a promising non-invasive diagnostic tool for the assessment of aortic stenosis (AS), and time-frequency representation is a potential tool to extract information from the phonocardiogram (PCG) signal. The study aim was to develop an acoustical method to predict the severity of AS. METHODS Normalized(More)
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