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Porous scaffolds for skin tissue engineering were fabricated by freeze-drying the mixture of collagen and chitosan solutions. Glutaraldehyde (GA) was used to treat the scaffolds to improve their biostability. Confocal laser scanning microscopy observation confirmed the even distribution of these two constituent materials in the scaffold. The GA(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF1) and FGF19 have been shown to improve glucose metabolism in diabetic rodents, but how this occurs is unknown. Here to investigate the mechanism of action of these growth factors, we perform intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of recombinant FGF1 or FGF19 in an awake rat model of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and measure(More)
Angiogenesis of dermal equivalent is one of the key issues for treatment of full thickness skin defects. To develop a gene-activated bilayer dermal equivalent (BDE), N,N,N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC), a cationic gene delivery vector, was used to form complexes with the plasmid DNA encoding vascular endothelial growth factor-165 (VEGF-165), which was(More)
The X-linked genetic bleeding disorder caused by deficiency of coagulator factor IX, hemophilia B, is a disease ideally suited for gene therapy with genome editing technology. Here, we identify a family with hemophilia B carrying a novel mutation, Y371D, in the human F9 gene. The CRISPR/Cas9 system was used to generate distinct genetically modified mouse(More)
Signaling via the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) during the CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive developmental stage determines thymocyte selection and lineage commitment. Here we describe a previously uncharacterized T cell-expressed protein, Tespa1, with critical functions during the positive selection of thymocytes. Tespa1(-/-) mice had fewer mature thymic CD4(+)(More)
Repair of deep burn by use of the dermal equivalent relies strongly on the angiogenesis and thereby the regeneration of dermis. To enhance the dermal regeneration, in this study plasmid DNA encoding vascular endothelial growth factor-165 (VEGF-165)/N,N,N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) complexes were loaded into a bilayer porous collagen-chitosan/silicone(More)
A thermoresponsive copolymer, trimethyl chitosan-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (TMC-g-PNIPAAm), was synthesized by coupling PNIPAAm-COOH to TMC. Their molecular structures were characterized by 1HNMR. The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of TMC-g-PNIPAAm in PBS was measured as 32 degrees C by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and UV-vis spectroscopy,(More)
Angiogenesis of an implanted construct is one of the most important issues in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and can often take as long as several weeks. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) shows a positive effect on enhancing angiogenesis in vivo. But the incorporation of growth factors has many limitations, since they typically(More)
Tissue repair and regeneration is an interdisciplinary field focusing on development of biological and bioactive substitutes. Chitosan is a natural polysaccharide exhibiting excellent biocompatibility, biodegradability, affinity to biomolecules, and wound-healing activity. It can also be easily modified via chemical and physical reactions to obtain(More)
Artificial dermis lacks a vascular network, and angiogenesis is slow in vivo. Controlled delivery of angiogenin (ANG), a potent inducer of angiogenesis, should promote angiogenesis in artificial dermis. In this study, a porous collagen-chitosan scaffold was fabricated and heparinized using N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) and(More)