Lie-Fen Shyur

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As an approach to improving Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-beta-d-glucanase (Fsbeta-glucanase) for use in industry and to studying the structure-function relationship of the C-terminus in the enzyme, a C-terminally truncated ( approximately 10 kDa) Fsbeta-glucanase was generated using a PCR-based gene truncation method and then overexpressed in either(More)
Ethyl caffeate, a natural phenolic compound, was isolated from Bidens pilosa, a medicinal plant popularly used for treating certain inflammatory syndromes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural activity, and the anti-inflammatory functions and mechanism(s) of ethyl caffeate. Ethyl caffeate was found to markedly suppress the(More)
Bidens pilosa has been used as a folk medicine in various medications and as a popular ingredient in herb teas. Chemopreventive activities of crude and fractionated plant extracts of Bidens pilosa were evaluated in this study. Ethyl acetate and butanolic fractions, partitioned from the total crude extract of Bidens pilosa, exhibited significant scavenging(More)
The functional and structural significance of amino acid residues Met(39), Glu(56), Asp(58), Glu(60), and Gly(63) of Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-beta-d-glucanase was explored by the approach of site-directed mutagenesis, initial rate kinetics, fluorescence spectroscopy, and CD spectrometry. Glu(56), Asp(58), Glu(60), and Gly(63) residues are conserved(More)
Purpose. To investigate the antiangiogenic effects of plant extracts and polyacetylenes isolated from Bidens pilosa Linn., which is a popular nutraceutical herbal tea and folk medicine in anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and other medications worldwide. Methods. Anti-cell proliferation, anti-tube formation, and cell migration assays were used for the valuation(More)
A novel bioactive polyacetylene compound, 1,2-dihydroxy-5(E)-tridecene-7,9,11-triyne (compound 1), was identified from the Bidens pilosa extract using an ex vivo primary human umbilical vein endothelium cell (HUVEC) bioassay-guided fractionation protocol. Our results demonstrate that compound 1 (at 2.5 microg/mL) possessed significant anti-angiogenic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elephantopus scaber L. (Asteraceae) is a traditional herbal medicine with anti-cancer effects. We evaluated the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of a major sesquiterpene lactone constituent of E. scaber, deoxyelephantopin (DET), against mammary adenocarcinoma and the underlying molecular mechanism. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH A variety of(More)
Lactuca indica (Compositae) is an edible wild vegetable, used as a folk medicine in anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and other medications in Asia. This is the first scientific evaluation of the chemopreventive therapeutic properties of L. indica using five antioxidation assay systems. An extract from L. indica was found to possess significant free radical(More)
Bidens pilosa is used as an ethnical medicine for bacterial infection or immune modulation in Asia, America and Africa. Here, we employed an IFN-gamma promoter-driven luciferase reporter construct and T cells to characterize immunomodulatory compounds from this plant based on a bioactivity-guided isolation principle. We found that PHA, a positive control,(More)
Compelling evidence suggests that infiltrating CD4+ type I helper T (Th1) cells in the pancreatic islets play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. We demonstrate in the present report that a butanol fraction of B. pilosa suppressed the development of diabetes, helped maintain levels of blood sugar and insulin in(More)