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A novel bioactive polyacetylene compound, 1,2-dihydroxy-5(E)-tridecene-7,9,11-triyne (compound 1), was identified from the Bidens pilosa extract using an ex vivo primary human umbilical vein endothelium cell (HUVEC) bioassay-guided fractionation protocol. Our results demonstrate that compound 1 (at 2.5 microg/mL) possessed significant anti-angiogenic(More)
The antioxidant activity of extracts from bark and heartwood of Acacia confusa was evaluated by various antioxidant assays, including free radical and superoxide radical scavenging assays and lipid peroxidation assay as well as hydroxyl radical-induced DNA strand scission assay. In addition, an ex vivo antioxidant assay using a flow cytometric technique was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elephantopus scaber L. (Asteraceae) is a traditional herbal medicine with anti-cancer effects. We evaluated the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of a major sesquiterpene lactone constituent of E. scaber, deoxyelephantopin (DET), against mammary adenocarcinoma and the underlying molecular mechanism. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH A variety of(More)
Compelling evidence suggests that infiltrating CD4+ type I helper T (Th1) cells in the pancreatic islets play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. We demonstrate in the present report that a butanol fraction of B. pilosa suppressed the development of diabetes, helped maintain levels of blood sugar and insulin in(More)
Lactuca indica (Compositae) is an edible wild vegetable, used as a folk medicine in anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and other medications in Asia. This is the first scientific evaluation of the chemopreventive therapeutic properties of L. indica using five antioxidation assay systems. An extract from L. indica was found to possess significant free radical(More)
Acacia confusa Merr. (Leguminosae) is traditionally used as a medicinal plant in Taiwan. In the present study, anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from the heartwood of A. confusa were investigated for the first time. Results demonstrated that ethanolic extracts of A. confusa heartwood strongly suppressed NO production in lipopolysaccharide(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the antiangiogenic effects of plant extracts and polyacetylenes isolated from Bidens pilosa Linn., which is a popular nutraceutical herbal tea and folk medicine in anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and other medications worldwide. METHODS Anti-cell proliferation, anti-tube formation, and cell migration assays were used for the valuation(More)
This study reports a new white-rot fungus Cerrena sp. WR1, identified based on an 18S rDNA sequence, which can secrete extracellular forms of laccase with a maximal activity reaching 202 000 U l⁻¹ in a 5-l fermenter. A laccase protein, designated Lcc3, was purified and shown to be N-linked glycosylated by PNGase F and liquid chromatography tandem mass(More)
Crassocephalum rabens (Asteraceae) is a popular anti-inflammatory folk medicine and food supplement. We investigated the cancer chemopreventive bioactivity of C. rabens phytocompounds in vitro and in vivo using cell- and gene-based bioassays and a mouse B16 melanoma model. The bioactive glyceroglycolipid(More)
Metabolomics, including both targeted and global metabolite profiling strategies, is fast becoming the approach of choice across a broad range of sciences including systems biology, drug discovery, molecular and cell biology, and other medical and agricultural sciences. New analytical and bioinformatics technologies and techniques are continually being(More)