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The aim of this study was to examine whether significant others can provide useful proxy information on the health-related quality of life (QL) of cancer patients. We examined the level and pattern of agreement between patient and proxy ratings of the EORTC QLQ-C30, the reliability and validity of both types of information, and the influence of several(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the usefulness of caregiver ratings of cancer patients' quality of life (QL), we examined the following: (1) the comparability of responses to a brief standardized QL questionnaire provided by patients, physicians, and informal caregivers; and (2) the relative validity of these ratings. METHODS The study sample included cancer patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Periodic colonoscopy is an effective means of reducing the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer in individuals with a family history of the disease. The aims of this study were to determine the degree of compliance and to identify the factors related significantly to noncompliance with periodic screening in this high-risk(More)
This study examined the usefulness of caregiver ratings of cancer patients' quality of life (QOL), an issue of relevance to both adequate patient care and to the possible use of proxy QOL raters in clinical studies. We compared QOL ratings of 90 cancer patients receiving inpatient chemotherapy with those provided by their significant others (most often the(More)
CONTEXT There has been increasing interest in the use of health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) assessments in daily clinical practice, yet few empirical studies have been conducted to evaluate the usefulness of such assessments. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of standardized HRQL assessments in facilitating patient-physician communication and(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated (1) the attitudes of cancer patients toward discussing health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) issues; (2) the association between such attitudes and patients' characteristics; and (3) oncologists' attitudes and self-reported behavior regarding these same issues. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred seventy-three patients(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined: (1) levels of cancer-specific distress more than one year after genetic counselling for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC); (2) associations between sociodemographic, clinical and psychosocial factors and levels of distress; (3) the impact of genetic counselling on family relationships, and (4) social(More)
In this study we examined whether response shift resulting from changes in internal standards occurs in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Ninety-nine newly diagnosed patients undergoing radiotherapy were administered two standardized self-report measures of fatigue prior to receiving radiotherapy. After completion of radiotherapy, patients filled out(More)
CONTEXT Improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important goal of palliative treatment, but little is known about actual patient-physician communication regarding HRQL topics during palliative treatment. OBJECTIVES To investigate the content of routine communication regarding 4 specific HRQL issues between oncologists and their patients and(More)
The growth and survival of Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) larvae on egg yolk medium inoculated with bacteria isolated from a colony of stable flies was evaluated. Five species of bacteria--Acinetobacter sp., Aeromonas sp., Empedobacter breve (Holmes & Owen), Flavobacterium odoratum Stutzer, and Serratia marcescens Bizio--were identified according to fatty acid(More)