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Zinc, cupric, and cadmium ions, in that order of effectiveness, inhibited lysis of washed, rabbit erythrocytes by the toxic bacterial product aerolysin. Hemolysis induced by a variety of other lytic agents was also inhibited by Zn2+ in approximately the same concentration as that, 0.33 mM, needed to inhibit aerolysin-induced hemolysis. Zinc ions did not(More)
In this note, we describe the application of isoelectric focusing to the characterization of two cytolytic proteins, the a-toxin or phospholipase C of Clostridium perfringens (clostridial PLC) and cereolysin. We used a 110-ml electrolysis column (LKB Instruments, Rockville, Md.), the design of which was given by 0. Vesterberg et al. (Biochem. Biophys. Acta(More)
Conditions are defined for the production, in high titers, of an extracellular hemolytic toxin of Aeromonas hydrophila, here termed "aerolysin." Substantial purification of the toxin was accomplished by means of salt fractionation, dialysis, and gel filtration, with a yield of 24% of the starting activity. Analysis of the product by polyacrylamide gel(More)
Stoichactis helianthus toxin, a protein derived presumably from the nematocysts, was purified to homogeneity. It has a molecular weight of about 16,000, an isoelectric pH of 9.8, and it contains approximately 3.7% carbohydrate. It is powerfully hemolytic for erythrocytes derived from a variety of animal species, those of the cat being the most sensitive and(More)
Hemolysis induced by staphylococcal alpha-toxin, staphylococcal beta-toxin, streptolysin O, and streptolysin S was inhibited by zinc ions by virtue of inhibition of an early step in the events leading to lysis, presumably by preventing the lysins from attaching to the plasma membrane. In contrast, in hemolysis induced by Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin(More)
The extracellular product of group B streptococci responsible for the CAMP reaction was purified to near homogeneity. It is a relatively thermostable protein having a molecular weight of 23,500 and an isoelectric pH of 8.3. It was found that the CAMP reaction could be simulated by substituting [14C]glucose-containing liposomes prepared from sphingomyelin,(More)
Aqueous extracts of the edible mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, contain a substance that is lytic in vitro for mammalian erythrocytes. The hemolytic agent, pleurotolysin, was purified to homogeneity and found to be a protein lacking seven of the amino acids commonly found in proteins. In the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate it exists a monomers of molecular(More)
The mechanism of in vitro synergistic lysis of sheep erythrocytes by Corynebacterium ovis and Corynebacterium equi was investigated. Hemolysis required (i) the action of phospholipase D from C. ovis, (ii) the action of an extracellular protein of C. equi, and (iii) Mg2+. Maximum lysis required imposition on the system of a fourth condition (step iv), such(More)