Lidor Avigad

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Stoichactis helianthus toxin, a protein derived presumably from the nematocysts, was purified to homogeneity. It has a molecular weight of about 16,000, an isoelectric pH of 9.8, and it contains approximately 3.7% carbohydrate. It is powerfully hemolytic for erythrocytes derived from a variety of animal species, those of the cat being the most sensitive and(More)
Aqueous extracts of the edible mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, contain a substance that is lytic in vitro for mammalian erythrocytes. The hemolytic agent, pleurotolysin, was purified to homogeneity and found to be a protein lacking seven of the amino acids commonly found in proteins. In the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate it exists a monomers of molecular(More)
The extracellular product of group B streptococci responsible for the CAMP reaction was purified to near homogeneity. It is a relatively thermostable protein having a molecular weight of 23,500 and an isoelectric pH of 8.3. It was found that the CAMP reaction could be simulated by substituting [14C]glucose-containing liposomes prepared from sphingomyelin,(More)
Conditions are defined for the production, in high titers, of an extracellular hemolytic toxin of Aeromonas hydrophila, here termed "aerolysin." Substantial purification of the toxin was accomplished by means of salt fractionation, dialysis, and gel filtration, with a yield of 24% of the starting activity. Analysis of the product by polyacrylamide gel(More)
Several preparations of staphylococcal alpha-toxin and delta-lysin were studied in order to compare hemolytic activity with capacity to lyse bacterial protoplasts. delta-Lysin in relatively low concentration lysed protoplasts of Sarcina lutea, protoplasts of Streptococcus faecalis, and spheroplasts of Escherichia coli. Lysis of bacterial protoplasts by(More)
The mechanism of in vitro synergistic lysis of sheep erythrocytes by Corynebacterium ovis and Corynebacterium equi was investigated. Hemolysis required (i) the action of phospholipase D from C. ovis, (ii) the action of an extracellular protein of C. equi, and (iii) Mg2+. Maximum lysis required imposition on the system of a fourth condition (step iv), such(More)
Aerolysin, a hemolytic and lethal exotoxin of Aeromonas hydrophila, was analyzed for amino acids. Assuming 8 histidine residues/mol, the purified toxic protein has, by summation, a molecular weight of 49,000, a value in agreement with earlier estimates by other methods. Erythrocytes from different animal species differ greatly in sensitivity to aerolysin's(More)