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A total of 73 ethanol extracts from different anatomical parts of 44 plant species belonging to 24 families, native to the Mid-Western region of Brazil, were assessed in vitro for their effect on the reproductive cycle of engorged females of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, using the adult immersion test. All extracts were evaluated at(More)
A total of 42 ethanolic extracts from 30 different plant species, native to the Pantanal and Cerrado of the West-Central region of Brazil, have been evaluated for their larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae, the vector of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fevers. Among the extracts tested, that obtained from the trunk bark of Ocotea velloziana was(More)
Chemical investigation of Guarea kunthiana fruits, guided by their effect on the reproductive cycle of engorged females of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus-a major economic problem to the livestock industry worldwide-led to isolation of 3β-O-tigloylmelianol, a new protolimonoid, from the bioactive hexane phase obtained by partitioning the(More)
Phenylpropanoid glycosides, 1'-O-benzyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1''-->6')-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1) and alpha-L-xylopyranosyl-(4''-->2')-(3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1'-O-E-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), together with the known derivatives, 1,6-di-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), 1-O-(E)-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4) and(More)
Two new triterpene glucosides, beta-D-glucopyranosyl 2alpha,3beta,24-trihydroxyolean- 12-en-28-oate and beta-D-glucopyranosyl 2alpha,3beta,23,24-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oate, in addition to nine known compounds belonging to three different triterpene classes (oleanane-, ursane- and lupane-type) have been isolated from the stems of a specimen of Combretum(More)
The coumarins 5-methoxy-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin 1 5-(3-methyl-2-butenyloxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin 2 and 5-(2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutyloxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin 3 isolated from Pterocaulon species showed significant cytotoxicity against two glioma cells lines. Compound 1 presented IC(50) values of 34.6 μM and 31.6 μM against human (U138-MG) and(More)
Ethanol extracts from six selected species from the Cerrado of the Central-Western region of Brazil, which are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases and other medical conditions, namely Erythroxylum suberosum St. Hil. (Erythroxylaceae), Hyptis crenata Pohl. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae), Roupala brasiliensis Klotz. (Proteaceae),(More)
Optimisation of a microwave-assisted methanolysis was performed to obtain cafestol and kahweol directly from green coffee oil (Coffea arabica). A two-factor (the methanolysis period and temperature), three-level, factorial experimental design (3(2)) was adopted. The methanolysis procedure was performed under microwave irradiation, using closed vessel and(More)
Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania and includes cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral clinical forms. The drugs currently available for leishmaniasis treatment are pentavalent antimonials, amphotericin B and miltefosine, which present high toxicity, elevated cost and development of parasite resistance. The(More)