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Otosclerosis is a complex disease characterized by an abnormal bone turnover of the otic capsule resulting in conductive hearing loss. Recent findings have shown that angiotensin II (Ang II), a major effector peptide of the renin-angiotensin system, plays an important role in the pathophysiology of otosclerosis, most likely by its proinflammatory effects on(More)
The reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) is major bioactive marker of lipid peroxidation generated under oxidative stress from polyunsaturated fatty acids. Biomedical significance of HNE was first revealed in pathogenesis of various degenerative and malignant diseases. Thus, HNE was considered for decades only as cytotoxic molecule, "second toxic(More)
The reactive aldehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), is recognized as a product of lipid peroxidation, which binds to macromolecules, in particular proteins. HNE-modified proteins (HNE-MP) have been shown to accumulate during ageing, generally by using polyclonal antibodies, which increase the possibility of detecting false positives. Therefore, we have used a(More)
Alterations in the intestinal barrier permeability occur in a broad spectrum of abdominally related pathologies, mostly due to disturbed oxidative homeostasis and increased lipid peroxidation. 4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), a major lipid peroxidation product, is physiologically present in healthy gastric mucosa, but is increased in early stages of colon cancer and(More)
The end products of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) peroxidation, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), and isoprostanes (8-iso-PGF2α), are widely used as systemic lipid oxidation/oxidative stress biomarkers. However, some of these compounds have also a dietary origin. Thus, replacing dietary saturated fat by PUFAs would improve health(More)
There is increasing evidence that non-enzymatic post-translational protein modifications might play key roles in various diseases. These protein modifications can be caused by free radicals generated during oxidative stress or by their products generated during lipid peroxidation. 4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), a major biomarker of oxidative stress and lipid(More)
Protein adhesion and cell response to plasma-treated polymer surfaces were studied. The polymer polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was treated in either an oxygen plasma to make the surface hydrophilic, or a tetrafluoromethane CF(4) plasma to make the surface hydrophobic. The plasma source was radiofrequency (RF) discharge. The adsorption of albumin and other(More)
Oxidative stress is often considered as a causative factor in carcinogenesis. In addition, current knowledge recognizes oxidative stress as a mechanism by which various cancer therapies act against cancer. To ameliorate the side effects of cancer therapy, many of the patients suffering from cancer are subject to adjuvant therapy, which often implies(More)
The formation of endothelial cell monolayer on prosthetic implants has not sufficiently explored. The main reasons leading to the development of thrombosis and/or intimal hyperplasia is the lack of endothelialization. In the present work, we have studied the influence of oxygen and fluorine plasma treatment of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymers on(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to assess the expression and production of inflammation mediators in basal condition and after angiotensin II (AngII) in otosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human stapedial cell cultures (6 otosclerosis and 6 controls) were incubated with AngII (10(-7)M, 24 h) or vehicle. Cytokines and their mRNA expression were(More)