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The covalent modifications of sulfhydryl groups (-SH) may occur through oxidation to mixed disulfides (S-thiolation), S-nitrosylation, as well as persulfide and trisulfide formation. The latter possibilities of -SH group modification connected with compounds containing sulfur called sulfane sulfur are described in this paper. Sulfane sulfur compounds(More)
The redox status of plasma thiols can be a diagnostic indicator of different pathological states. The aim of this study was to identify the age dependent changes in the plasma levels of total, free and protein bound glutathione, cysteine and homocysteine. The determination was conducted in plasma of three groups of rats: 1) young (3-month-old), 2) middle(More)
Antioxidative properties of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) are widely investigated in different in vivo and in vitro models. The aim of this study was to examine whether LA attenuates oxidative stress induced in rats by reserpine, a model substance frequently used to produce Parkinsonism in animals. Male Wistar rats were treated with reserpine (5 mg/kg) and LA (50(More)
This work aimed to investigate the effect of lipoic acid (LA) on sulfane sulfur (S(*)) level and rhodanese activity in rat tissues. In vitro studies conduced so far have indicated that dihydrolipoic acid serves as an S(*) acceptor in the rhodanese-catalyzed S(*) transfer. This study revealed a significant increase in S(*) level and rhodanese activity in the(More)
Cytoplasm of mammalian glial cells was reported to contain Gomori-positive cytoplasmic granulation (GPCG), whose biological role is unknown. The present study attempted to discover conditions facilitating GPCG formation and to elucidate their relationship with sulfane sulfur metabolism. To address these problems, we investigated in vivo the effect of both(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effect of aspirin (ASA) on anaerobic cysteine metabolism, which yields sulfane sulfur-containing compounds and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), in mouse liver and brain. In order to solve this problem, we determined the levels of sulfane sulfur and H(2)S, and the activities of cystathionase, the enzyme directly engaged in(More)
The role of cocaine in modulating the metabolism of sulfur-containing compounds in the peripheral tissues is poorly understood. In the present study we addressed the question about the effects of acute and repeated (5 days) cocaine (10 mg/kg i.p.) administration on the total cysteine (Cys) metabolism and on the oxidative processes in the rat liver and(More)
The aim of the present studies was to evaluate cocaine-induced changes in the concentrations of different redox forms of cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy), and products of anaerobic Cys metabolism, i.e., labile, reduced sulfur (LS) in the rat plasma. The above-mentioned parameters were determined after i.p. acute and subchronic cocaine treatment as well(More)