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The covalent modifications of sulfhydryl groups (-SH) may occur through oxidation to mixed disulfides (S-thiolation), S-nitrosylation, as well as persulfide and trisulfide formation. The latter possibilities of -SH group modification connected with compounds containing sulfur called sulfane sulfur are described in this paper. Sulfane sulfur compounds(More)
The redox status of plasma thiols can be a diagnostic indicator of different pathological states. The aim of this study was to identify the age dependent changes in the plasma levels of total, free and protein bound glutathione, cysteine and homocysteine. The determination was conducted in plasma of three groups of rats: 1) young (3-month-old), 2) middle(More)
Antioxidative properties of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) are widely investigated in different in vivo and in vitro models. The aim of this study was to examine whether LA attenuates oxidative stress induced in rats by reserpine, a model substance frequently used to produce Parkinsonism in animals. Male Wistar rats were treated with reserpine (5 mg/kg) and LA (50(More)
BACKGROUND The study is focused on searching for the link between acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and sulfur metabolism. The present work aimed to investigate the effect of ASA on the level of the sulfane sulfur and non-protein thiol compounds (NPSH) in the liver and kidneys of mice. METHODS The study was conducted on female albino Swiss mice weighing(More)
This work aimed to investigate the effect of lipoic acid (LA) on sulfane sulfur (S(*)) level and rhodanese activity in rat tissues. In vitro studies conduced so far have indicated that dihydrolipoic acid serves as an S(*) acceptor in the rhodanese-catalyzed S(*) transfer. This study revealed a significant increase in S(*) level and rhodanese activity in the(More)
Cytoplasm of mammalian glial cells was reported to contain Gomori-positive cytoplasmic granulation (GPCG), whose biological role is unknown. The present study attempted to discover conditions facilitating GPCG formation and to elucidate their relationship with sulfane sulfur metabolism. To address these problems, we investigated in vivo the effect of both(More)
For many years reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) have been recognized as key messengers in the process of thiol-based redox regulation. Relatively recently, literature reports began to mention reactive sulfur species (RSS) and their role in thiol regulation. This review is focused on biogenesis and biological properties of RSS, including:(More)
The present work was aimed to obtain information about age-dependent changes of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity and the levels of non-protein sulfhydryl compounds (NPSH) in rat kidneys. In addition, protein-bound cysteine (PB-Cys), sulfane sulfur compounds and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were estimated. The results indicate that the activity of(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effect of aspirin (ASA) on anaerobic cysteine metabolism, which yields sulfane sulfur-containing compounds and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), in mouse liver and brain. In order to solve this problem, we determined the levels of sulfane sulfur and H(2)S, and the activities of cystathionase, the enzyme directly engaged in(More)