Lida Tartaglione

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Transmembrane α-Klotho (TM-Klotho), expressed in renal tubules, is a cofactor for FGF23-receptor. Circulating soluble-α-Klotho (s-Klotho) results from TM-Klotho shedding and acts on Phosphate (P) and Calcium (Ca) tubular transport. Decreased TM-Klotho, described in experimental chronic kidney disease (CKD), prevents actions of FGF23 and lessens circulating(More)
The pathogenesis of vascular calcifications in uremia is not completely understood, but is regarded as multifactorial, involving traditional and nontraditional risk factors. In particular, derangements in divalent ions are considered of outmost importance, but also the role of physiologic inhibitors of calcification is now claimed. The most powerful(More)
Renal tubular diseases may present with osteopenia, osteoporosis or osteomalacia, as a result of significant derangements in body electrolytes. In case of insufficient synthesis of calcitriol, as in renal failure, the more complex picture of renal osteodystrophy may develop. Hypothetically, also disturbed renal production of BMP-7 and Klotho could cause(More)
INTRODUCTION Vitamin D insufficiency contributes to calcitriol (1,25D) reduction in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Since CKD patients on conservative therapy (CRF) mostly develop, whereas transplant (TX) patients possibly recover from, secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH), we hypothesized a different efficiency of vitamin D hydroxylation in these 2 clinical(More)
Renal osteodystrophy (ROD), the histologic bone lesions of chronic kidney disease (CKD), is now included in a wider syndrome with laboratory abnormalities of mineral metabolism and extra-skeletal calcifications or CKD-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD), to highlight the increased burden of mortality. Aging people, frequently identified as early CKD, could(More)
In this brief review we point out the specificities of the vitamin D system that are necessary to understand why each change in the molecule can result in significantly different biologic effects. Vitamin D, with a specific receptor in most of the tissues, has innumerable potential therapeutic applications in many clinical fields. However, excessive(More)
BACKGROUND Calcifediol (25D) availability is crucial for calcitriol (1,25D) synthesis, but regulation of vitamin D hydroxylases is majorly responsible for 1,25D synthesis. The net efficiency of vitamin D hydroxylases might be informative. We assume that the ratio between calcitriol and calcifediol (25D/1,25D) serum concentrations could suggest the vitamin D(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a complex metabolic alteration secondary to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Reduction of 1,25(OH)2D3 synthesis is the first derangement, followed by an increase in PTH, and, lastly, calcium and phosphate modifications. Vitamin D is a hormone whose actions take place through a specific receptor, the vitamin D receptor (VDR),(More)
There have been millions of people found to have AIDS. Death rates from AIDS have declined 15% to 20% in the past 5 years. However, nearly 75000 people will die with AIDS in this year. Patients with AIDS are also at risk for developing both Aids-defining cancers, such as Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and non-Aids-defining cancers and(More)