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OBJECTIVES Despite the fact that the NDM-1 carbapenemase has successfully disseminated worldwide, outbreaks remain uncommon in the European region. We describe the characteristics of the first outbreaks caused by NDM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clonal isolates in Greece. METHODS Between January 2010 and June 2013, 132 non-repetitive(More)
Previous studies have reported very different rates of human rhinovirus (HRV) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genome detection in nasal and sputum samples, but not in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and bronchial biopsy samples. Our study aimed to investigate the presence of HRV and RSV in the lungs of 31 consecutive patients with stable COPD (11 GOLD(More)
OXA-48-like carbapenemases have only recently emerged in Europe. OXA-162 is a rare OXA-48 variant usually coexpressed with extended-spectrum β-lactamases. Here, we report the identification of the first OXA-162 carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates, which coexpressed an AmpC cephalosporinase (DHA-1), retrieved from a patient in Greece. They(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the impact of intensified infection control measures (ICM) on colonization and infection caused by carbapenem-resistant (CR) Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii in a solid organ transplantation (SOT) department. METHODS A quasi-experimental methodology was followed. The study was divided into(More)
New Delhi MBL (NDM) carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae has become one of the most concerning multidrug-resistant pathogens. The Balkan counties are considered a reservoir for the spread of such strains based on several reports documenting NDM infections after hospitalization in this region. Nevertheless, NDM-producing K. pneumoniae have been only(More)
PURPOSE Solid-organ transplant recipients may display high rates of colonization and/or infection by multidrug-resistant bacteria. We analysed and compared the phenotypic and genotypic diversity of carbapenem-resistant (CR) strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from patients in the Solid Organ(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Colistin resistance is increasingly recognized among carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in several European regions. The current study documents the appearance of colistin resistance among KPC-2 and SHV-5-produning K. pneumoniae strains in Bulgaria. METHODS Four colistin-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates were recovered(More)
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole alone and combined with colistin was tested in vitro against six carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) clinical strains. After 24 h, at achievable serum concentrations, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole effectively killed all strains, while colistin killed only one strain. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole plus colistin(More)
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