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BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most frequent congenital infection in humans. Its prevalence and the frequency of disabling sequelae must be assessed in different populations to permit the formulation or assessment of preventive measures. OBJECTIVES To check the prevalence of congenital infection and seroprevalence in Italy; to verify(More)
The mean global prevalence of tension-type headache (TTH) in adult is 42 %. To date, there have been no Italian studies on TTH prevalence in the adult general population. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study, called PACE (PArma CEfalea, or "Headache in Parma"), aimed at detecting the prevalence and clinical features of primary headaches in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK The human enteroviruses (EV) are the most common and widespread human viruses in the world. They have bowel as their natural habitat and they can spread in the environment through the faecal excretion. In the continental climate Regions these viruses may cause epidemic outbreaks in summer and fall, while in the tropical(More)
OBJECTIVES Showering before entering a swimming pool is highly recommended to reduce the risk of biological and chemical contamination. This study evaluated the behaviour of indoor swimming pool users; analysed the variables associated with lack of showering; and assessed awareness of the importance of showering. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. (More)
BACKGROUND It is still a matter of debate as to whether resective surgery of the primary tumor may prolong the survival of patients affected by incurable colorectal cancer (CRC). The main goal of this retrospective study, carried out on patients not undergoing any therapy other than surgery, was to quantify the benefit of primary tumor removal in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of viral DNA in dried blood spots using the Guthrie card (DBS test) is a reliable and practical method of diagnosing congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. The test lends itself to epidemiological studies to establish the prevalence of the infection, but also to neonatal screening for secondary prevention of sequelae. These(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of subtotal colectomy with cecorectal anastomosis (SCCA) in the treatment of slow-transit constipation, not just in terms of symptom resolution but also the overall impact on patients' quality of life. METHODS Between 1991 and 2005, 43 patients underwent SCCA at our institution, 22 for(More)
PURPOSE This study is aimed at verifying if the surgeon's experience has an impact on the risk of conversion to open surgery of laparoscopic left colectomy performed in obese patients. METHODS A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed of 181 laparoscopic left hemicolectomies completed between April 2001 and June 2006. The results were analysed(More)
BACKGROUND Recent trials proposed chemotherapy (CHT) as the treatment of choice for patients affected by incurable colorectal cancer (ICRC). Nevertheless, surgery is still commonly offered to these patients. On the other hand, CHT is offered to ICRC patients regardless of the pattern of spread of the disease, local or distant, despite some evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term outcome and anorectal function results after laparoscopic hemicolectomy for colon cancer were compared with results after laparoscopic hemicolectomy for benign diseases. METHODS A total of 108 patients who underwent laparoscopic left colectomy (60 for colon cancer, 48 for diverticulitis or polyposis) were enrolled in the study. Left(More)