Learn More
The prototypical dopamine and serotonin antagonist (+/-)-7-chloro-9-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-9,10-dihydropyrrolo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazepine (5) was resolved into its R and S enantiomers via crystallization of the diastereomeric tartaric acid salts. Binding studies confirmed that the (R)-(-)-enantiomer is a more potent D(2) receptor antagonist than the(More)
Aging is associated with a reduction in the maximum density of n-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-sensitive glutamate binding sites in the hippocampus of Fischer 344 rats. This study was designed to investigate the effect of acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) on NMDA receptors in the old rat (24 months) after chronic or single-dose treatments. The number of NMDA receptors(More)
PURPOSE Antineoplastic drugs belonging to platinum or taxane families are severely neurotoxic, inducing the onset of disabling peripheral neuropathies with different clinical signs. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) is a natural occurring compound with a neuroprotective activity in several experimental paradigms. In this study we have tested the hypothesis that ALC(More)
Transection of the fimbria-fornix in adult rats is a useful model for producing impairments of cholinergic activity in the hippocampus (HIPP) and atrophy of the medial septum cholinergic perikarya, similar to those observed during senescence, that are possibly due to the lack of nerve growth factor (NGF) retrogradely transported from the hippocampus. In our(More)
To evaluate the effects of hypertension on cardiac hypertrophy, on myocardial structure, and on ventricular arrhythmias, 27 3-month-old spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with enalapril (10 mg/kg) daily for 11 months and compared with 26 untreated control rats. Systolic arterial pressure was significantly decreased in treated rats, and at the end(More)
The present paper describes a clinical case in which autologous bone, removed during an operation from the maxillary tuberosity, platelet rich plasma (PRP) and deproteinised bovine bone (Bio-oss, Geistlich) were used as graft material in a bilateral maxillary sinus lift procedure. During the same operating session, it was planned to carry out the lift of(More)
Transection of the fimbria-fornix bundle in adult rats results in degeneration of the septohippocampal cholinergic pathway, reminiscent of that occurring in aging as well as Alzheimer disease. We report here a study of the effect of a treatment with acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) in three-month-old Fischer 344 rats bearing a partial unilateral fimbria-fornix(More)
The present study was designed to characterize cardiac autonomic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced (45 mg/kg i.v.) diabetic rat by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV), and to assess, in this model, the effects of treatment with acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC). Heart rate was reduced in diabetic rats (332+/-22 vs. 411+/-35 beat per min; P<0.0001). This(More)
Most investigations into heart rate dynamics have emphasized continuous functions, whereas the heart beat itself is a discrete event. We present experimental evidence that by considering this quality, the dynamics may be appreciated as a result of singular dynamics arising out of non-Lipschitz formalisms. Markov process analysis demonstrates that heart(More)
Recently we reported the pharmacological characterization of the 9,10-dihydropyrrolo[1,3]benzothiazepine derivative (S)-(+)-8 as a novel atypical antipsychotic agent. This compound had an optimum pK(i) 5-HT(2A)/D(2) ratio of 1.21 (pK(i) 5-HT(2A) = 8.83; pK(i) D(2) = 7.79). The lower D(2) receptor affinity of (S)-(+)-8 compared to its enantiomer was(More)