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— Mobile devices, such as mobile phones and personal digital assistants, have gained widespread popularity. These devices will increasingly be networked, thus enabling the construction of distributed applications that have to adapt to changes in context, such as variations in network bandwidth, battery power, connectivity, reachability of services and(More)
xlinkit is a lightweight application service that provides rule-based link generation and checks the consistency of distributed Web content. It leverages standard Internet technologies, notably XML, XPath, and XLink. xlinkit can be used as part of a consistency management scheme or in applications that require smart link generation, including portal(More)
An increasing number of distributed applications will be written for mobile hosts, such as laptop computers, third generation mobile phones, personal digital assistants, watches and the like. Application engineers have to deal with a new set of problems caused by mobility, such as low bandwidth, context changes or loss of connectivity. During disconnection,(More)
Urbanization's rapid progress has modernized many people's lives but also engendered big issues, such as traffic congestion, energy consumption, and pollution. Urban computing aims to tackle these issues by using the data that has been generated in cities (e.g., traffic flow, human mobility, and geographical data). Urban computing connects urban sensing,(More)
Objectives: Ebusinesses are increasingly facing the need of porting the provision of their eservices to mobile customers. Evolving requirements, such as reliability, security, scalability, performance and privacy, from fixed to mobile settings, has revealed new and important challenges. This is due to the behavioural constraints that mobility poses, and(More)
Collaborative Filtering aims to predict user tastes, by minimising the mean error produced when predicting hidden user ratings. The aim of a deployed recommender system is to iteratively predict users' preferences over a dynamic, growing dataset, and system administrators are confronted with the problem of having to continuously tune the parameters(More)
This work investigates how data from public transport fare collection systems can be used to analyse travellers' behaviour, and transform travel information systems that urban residents use to navigate their city into personalised and dynamic systems that cater for each passenger's unique needs. In particular, we show how fare collection data can be used to(More)
With the recent widespread use of smart mobile devices, as well as the increasing availability of fast and reliable wireless Internet connections for mobile devices, there is increased interest in mobile applications where the majority of the processing occurs on the server side. The flexibility, stability and scalability offered by cloud services make them(More)