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The pretesting effect: do unsuccessful retrieval attempts enhance learning?
- L. Richland, N. Kornell, Liche Sean Kao
- Psychology, EducationJournal of experimental psychology. Applied
- 1 September 2009
The authors examined the effect of unsuccessful retrieval attempts on learning by reading an essay about vision and found that posttest performance was better in the test condition than in the extended study condition in all experiments--a pretesting effect.
Testing to Learn: How Students' Knowledge, Motivation, and Stress Responses Interact with The Testing Effect
- Liche Sean Kao