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This simulated night shift field study compared high-intensity ("bright") light exposures designed to either facilitate or conflict with adaptation to a 9-h phase shift of the sleep/dark schedule. There were 7 days of baseline with night sleep followed by 8 night shifts with day sleep in a 2 x 2 design with factors bright light (facilitating vs.(More)
With sufficiently fast data sampling, ubiquitous sharp transients appear in magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. Initially, no known collective neuronal activity could explain MEG signal generation well above 100 Hz, so it was assumed that these transients were entirely composed of background electronic noise that could be eliminated by filtering and(More)
Appropriately timed exercise can phase shift the circadian rhythms of rodents. The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise during the night shift could phase delay the temperature rhythm of humans to align with a daytime sleep schedule. Exercise subjects (N = 8) rode a stationary cycle ergometer for 15 min every h during the first 3 of 8(More)
We compared the contributions of bright light during the night shift and dark goggles during daylight for phase shifting the circadian rhythm of temperature to realign with a 12-hour shift of sleep. After 10 baseline days there were 8 night-work/day-sleep days. Temperature was continuously recorded from 50 subjects. There were four groups in a 2 x 2 design:(More)
We compared bright-light durations of 6, 3 and 0 hours (i.e. dim light) during simulated night shifts for phase shifting the circadian rectal temperature rhythm to align with a 12-hour shift of the sleep schedule. After 10 baseline days there were 8 consecutive night-work, day-sleep days, with 8-hour sleep (dark) periods. The bright light (about 5,000 lux,(More)
It is now apparent that the visual system reacts to stimuli very fast, with many brain areas activated within 100 ms. It is, however, unclear how much detail is extracted about stimulus properties in the early stages of visual processing. Here, using magnetoencephalography we show that the visual system separates different facial expressions of emotion well(More)
Parallel-distributed processing is ubiquitous in the brain but often ignored by experimental designs and methods of analysis, which presuppose sequential and stereotypical brain activations. We introduce here a methodology that can effectively deal with sequential and distributed activity. Regional brain activations elicited by electrical median nerve(More)
BACKGROUND Bright light therapy is the recommended treatment for winter seasonal affective disorder (SAD). However, the studies with the best placebo controls have not been able to demonstrate that light treatment has a benefit beyond its placebo effect. METHODS Ninety-six patients with SAD completed the study. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3(More)
Most neuroimaging studies on face processing used centrally presented images with a relatively large visual field. Images presented in this way activate widespread striate and extrastriate areas and make it difficult to study spatiotemporal dynamics and connectivity pattern differences from various parts of the visual field. Here we studied(More)
All sleep stages contain epochs with high-amplitude electrophysiological phasic events, alternating with quieter "core periods." High-amplitude and core state properties cannot be disentangled with PET and fMRI. Here from high temporal resolution magnetoencephalography data, regional changes in neuronal activity were extracted during core periods in(More)