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It is now apparent that the visual system reacts to stimuli very fast, with many brain areas activated within 100 ms. It is, however, unclear how much detail is extracted about stimulus properties in the early stages of visual processing. Here, using magnetoencephalography we show that the visual system separates different facial expressions of emotion well(More)
With sufficiently fast data sampling, ubiquitous sharp transients appear in magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. Initially, no known collective neuronal activity could explain MEG signal generation well above 100 Hz, so it was assumed that these transients were entirely composed of background electronic noise that could be eliminated by filtering and(More)
In an earlier experiment, we have used the BTi twin MAGNES system (2 × 37 channels) to record the evoked magnetic field from five healthy right-handed male volunteers using two tasks: visual recognition of complex objects including faces and facial expressions of emotion. We have repeated the experiment with one of the five subjects using the BTi whole head(More)
Our understanding of the link between electrical events in the brain and behaviour is based on indirect measures. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) rely on haemodynamic processes which are slower by two to three orders of magnitude than the processes characterizing normal and pathological brain function.(More)
Parallel-distributed processing is ubiquitous in the brain but often ignored by experimental designs and methods of analysis, which presuppose sequential and stereotypical brain activations. We introduce here a methodology that can effectively deal with sequential and distributed activity. Regional brain activations elicited by electrical median nerve(More)
All sleep stages contain epochs with high-amplitude electrophysiological phasic events, alternating with quieter "core periods." High-amplitude and core state properties cannot be disentangled with PET and fMRI. Here from high temporal resolution magnetoencephalography data, regional changes in neuronal activity were extracted during core periods in(More)
In normal viewing conditions, many objects are often hidden or occluded by others, therefore restricting the information that enters the eye. One ability that the human visual system has developed to compensate for this visual limitation is to relate the surrounding elements to globally interpret the whole scene. The appearance of illusory figures (IF)(More)
In current clinical practice the degree of paraplegia or quadriplegia is objectively determined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP). We measured the MEG signal following electrical stimulation of upper and lower limbs in two normal and three clinically complete paraplegic subjects. From the MEG signal we(More)
The magnetoencephalography (MEG) signal was recorded while subjects watched a video containing separate blocks of affective and cognitive advertisements and recalled slides extracted from the video a day later. An earlier behavioural study using the same video material showed that the affective advertisements were better recalled and that administration of(More)
We trained four right-handed male subjects to detect small changes in the frequency of 21 Hz electrical stimulation applied to digits 2+3+4 of the right hand for 4 hours. Before and after the training, we recorded magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals when the stimulation was applied to digit 2-5 separately using a whole-head MEG system. We applied(More)