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Biomethylation is considered a major detoxification pathway for inorganic arsenicals (iAs). According to the postulated metabolic scheme, the methylation of iAs yields methylated metabolites in which arsenic is present in both pentavalent and trivalent forms. Pentavalent mono- and dimethylated arsenicals are less acutely toxic than iAs. However, little is(More)
Exposure of several human populations to arsenic has been associated with a high incidence of detrimental dermatological and carcinogenic effects. To date, studies examining the immunotoxic effects of arsenic in humans, and specifically in children, are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated several parameters of immunological status in a group of children(More)
Arsenic is a well known carcinogenic environmental pollutant although its mechanism of action remains unknown. Since alterations in chromosome segregation have been observed in individuals exposed to high concentrations of arsenic in the drinking water, the aneuploidogenic potential of arsenic was evaluated in vitro. Whole blood cultures were incubated for(More)
The cytogenetic effects of arsenic exposure were studied among rural populations that live in the same geographical area and have similar socioeconomic status, but different degree of exposure to inorganic arsenic (As) via drinking water. A group of inhabitants of Santa Ana (408.17 micrograms/l of As in drinking water) were considered the exposed(More)
In the search for early biological markers to detect genetic damage, a pilot study on a hydroarsenicism-exposed group was designed. Blood and urine samples were taken from 11 individuals chronically exposed and from 13 individuals with lower exposure to the metal. Lymphocyte cultures for cytogenetic studies and HGPRT assay were done with coded peripheral(More)
A human monitoring study was carried out to explore the effect on lymphocyte proliferation of chronic exposure to arsenic (As) via drinking water. Blood and urine samples were taken from volunteers from a town where levels of As in the drinking water averaged 412 micrograms/l, and from a matched group of individuals, with similar socioeconomic status, that(More)
Arsenic (As) is a common metalloid which contaminates drinking water in several regions of the world and chronic exposure is associated with skin, lung, bladder, and kidney cancer. Previous studies suggest that arsenic exposure leads to a diminution of phytohemaglutinin (PHA) stimulated T cell proliferation in humans. In order to understand the mechanism of(More)
Arsenic is known to produce inhibition as well as induction of immune cells proliferative responses depending on the doses as one of its mechanisms of immunotoxicity. Here we evaluate the effect of arsenic exposure on the activation of splenic mononuclear cells (SMC) in male CD57BL6N mice. Intra-gastric exposure to arsenic (as sodium arsenite) for 30 days(More)
Many studies evaluating the effects of selenium (Se) status on immunity utilize inorganic Se, although selenomethionine (Se-Met) has been suggested to be more bioavailable and less toxic. In the current study, we investigated the effects of dietary Se-Met on immune system function and cellular redox status in C57BL/6N female mice fed with low (0.02 ppm),(More)
In Mexico, as in many other countries, traditional medicine is used for the treatment of several diseases. In particular, Amphipterygium adstringens infusion is used for gastritis, gastric ulcers, and gastric cancer. Extracts from this tree have microbicidal effects against Helicobacter pylori, an important risk factor for gastric cancer development.(More)