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The livers of 13 patients with histologically proven hepatic lymphomatous involvement were studied with both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). MRI and CT demonstrated a focal abnormality in only one case. In the other 12 cases in which a focal abnormality was not demonstrated with MRI or CT, calculated T1 and T2 relaxation times(More)
The benefits of diagnostic imaging are immense and have revolutionized the practice of medicine. The increased sophistication and clinical efficacy of imaging have resulted in its dramatic growth over the past quarter century. Although data derived from the atomic bomb survivors in Japan and other events suggest that the expanding use of imaging modalities(More)
The boundaries of some organs as seen in clinical magnetic resonance images appear to be asymmetric. This effect is caused by chemical shift differences between the resonant frequencies of the hydrogen nuclei of water and fat. The zeugmatographic technique maps resonant frequencies to unique spatial locations. These differences in resonant frequencies can(More)
  • L Brateman
  • 1986
Chemical shift is the phenomenon that is seen when an isotope possessing a nuclear magnetic dipole moment resonates at a spectrum of resonance frequencies in a given magnetic field. These resonance frequencies, or chemical shifts, depend on the chemical environments of particular nuclei. Mapping the spatial distribution of nuclei associated with a(More)
Biplane Fourier amplitude and phase images from radionuclide ventriculograms were analyzed for the presence of regional wall motion abnormalities in 25 patients who had a total of 33 healed myocardial infarctions (nonviable scar tissue) documented by contrast ventriculography and ECG. This indirect evidence was validated by MRI, which permits direct(More)
  • L Brateman
  • 1999
In radiation protection, the guiding philosophy is ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable), and states have regulatory authority. Dose limits are in part based on effective dose equivalent and differences in tissue sensitivities. In diagnostic radiology, the main source of occupational dose is scattered radiation from the patient--particularly from(More)
It has been reasonably well documented that a pregnant resident physician can assume radiology rotations, including higher-exposure rotations such as angiography and nuclear medicine, without exposing the fetus to radiation levels that exceed national and international guidelines. Hence, many medical physicists support the contention that rotations should(More)
Fiber-optic-coupled radioluminescent (FOC) dosimeters are members of a new family of dosimeters that are finding increased clinical applications. This study provides the first characterization of a Cu doped quartz FOC dosimeter at diagnostic energies, specifically across the range of x-ray energies and intensities used in mammographies. We characterize the(More)
Radionuclide ventriculography and contrast ventriculography were performed in two comparable projections on 50 patients with suspected coronary artery disease. The efficacy of conventional cine display and Fourier image analysis of the radionuclide ventriculogram was compared using contrast ventriculography as the gold standard. Of seven different(More)
A thin, low-intensity line, which partially surrounds many structures on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is an artifact due to the phenomenon of chemical shift and should not be mistaken for a normal or abnormal morphologic structure. This artifact can be recognized by its characteristic appearance perpendicular to the direction of the frequency-encoding(More)