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BACKGROUND Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a disease affecting immunocompromised patients. PCP among these patients is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of PCP prophylaxis among non-HIV immunocompromised patients; and to define the type of immunocompromised patient for whom evidence suggests a(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who are neutropenic following chemotherapy for malignancy. Trials have shown the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in reducing the incidence of bacterial infections but not in reducing mortality rates. Our systematic review from 2006 also showed a reduction in(More)
BACKGROUND Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is caused by various pathogens, traditionally divided to 'typical' and 'atypical'. Initial antibiotic treatment of CAP is usually empirical, customarily covering both typical and atypical pathogens. To date, no sufficient evidence exists to support this broad coverage, while limiting coverage is bound to reduce(More)
Resistant bacteria have renewed our interest in the aminoglycoside drugs. Evidence on the efficiency of aminoglycosides in their different clinical uses is available from numerous randomized controlled trials and has been accrued and examined in recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Their results show that aminoglycosides should not be added to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of prophylaxis for Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii (formerly Pneumocystis carinii), for immunocompromised non-HIV-infected patients by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS We searched for randomized controlled trials that compared prophylaxis using antibiotics effective(More)
BACKGROUND Dose-dense chemotherapy has become a mainstay regimen in the adjuvant setting for women with high-risk breast cancer. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing data from randomized controlled trials regarding the efficacy and toxicity of the dose-dense chemotherapy approach in nonmetastatic breast cancer. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal postremission therapy in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is still a matter of debate. The objective of this study was to compare the various potential therapeutic options for patients who achieved first complete remission. METHODS The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare advice on dosage adjustment for renal impairment provided by four commonly used secondary pharmacotherapeutic sources. DESIGN Systematic comparison of the definitions of renal impairment, recommendations for dosage adjustment, and the evidence in support of these recommendations in four information sources. DATA SOURCES British(More)
Hypomethylating agents have recently been shown to improve the outcome of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. A meta-analysis and systematic review was carried out of randomized controlled trials comparing treatment with hypomethylating agents to conventional care, i.e., best supportive care or chemotherapy, in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome.(More)
Primary Burkitt's lymphoma of the ovary is extremely rare. We report the case of a 39-year-old woman who presented with a 1-month history complaints of night sweats, abdominal pain and dyspnea. Physical examination demonstrated pleural effusions, ascites and an abdominal mass. Imaging showed enlargement of both ovaries extending to the surrounding tissue.(More)