Learn More
Initially acquired memory dissipates rapidly if not consolidated. Such memory decay is thought to result either from the inherently labile nature of newly acquired memories or from interference by subsequently attained information. Here we report that a small G protein Rac-dependent forgetting mechanism contributes to both passive memory decay and(More)
The etiology of autism is so complicated because it involves the effects of variants of several hundred risk genes along with the contribution of environmental factors. Therefore, it has been challenging to identify the causal paths that lead to the core autistic symptoms such as social deficit, repetitive behaviors, and behavioral inflexibility. As an(More)
Extensive studies of Drosophila mushroom body in formation and retrieval of olfactory memories allow us to delineate the functional logic for memory storage and retrieval. Currently, there is a questionable disassociation of circuits for memory storage and retrieval during Drosophila olfactory memory processing. Formation of the initial aversive olfactory(More)
Suppressor of Hairless [Su(H)] is a DNA-binding protein of the Notch-signaling pathway, which is important for developmental processes and has been implicated in behavior plasticity. It acts as a transcriptional activator in the Notch pathway, but also as a repressor in the absence of Notch signaling. Our previous work has shown that Notch signaling(More)
The dysfunction of multiple neurotransmitter systems is a striking pathophysiological feature of many mental disorders, schizophrenia in particular, but delineating the underlying mechanisms has been challenging. Here we show that manipulation of a single schizophrenia susceptibility gene, dysbindin, is capable of regulating both glutamatergic and(More)
The mushroom body (MB), a bilateral brain structure possessing about 2000–2500 neurons per hemisphere, plays a central role in olfactory learning and memory in Drosophila melanogaster. Extensive studies have demonstrated that three major types of MB neurons (α/β, α′/β′ and Γ) exhibit distinct functions in memory processing, including the critical role of(More)
Translocation of signaling molecules, MAPK in particular, from the cytosol to nucleus represents a universal key element in initiating the gene program that determines memory consolidation. Translocation mechanisms and their behavioral impact, however, remain to be determined. Here, we report that a highly conserved nuclear transporter, Drosophila(More)
Forgetting is a universal feature for most types of memories. The best-defined and extensively characterized behaviors that depict forgetting are natural memory decay and interference-based forgetting [1, 2]. Molecular mechanisms underlying the active forgetting remain to be determined for memories in vertebrates. Recent progress has begun to unravel such(More)
Repeated learning is used daily and is a powerful way to improve memory. A fundamental question is how multiple learning trials add up to improve memory. While the major studies so far of such a repetition effect have emphasized the strengthening of memory formation, the current study reveals a molecular mechanism through suppression of forgetting. We find(More)
This study aimed to explore the effects of the long-acting antipsychotic drug palmitate paliperidone in resting-state brain activity of schizophrenia patients. Seventeen schizophrenia outpatients were included and received palmitate paliperidone injection (PAL) treatment for 13 weeks. These patients were compared to seventeen matched healthy controls. All(More)
  • 1