Lianyu Shan

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BACKGROUND Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a soluble pattern recognition receptor with non-redundant functions in inflammation and innate immunity. PTX3 is produced by immune and structural cells. However, very little is known about the expression of PTX3 and its role in allergic asthma. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS We sought to determine the PTX3 expression in asthmatic(More)
BACKGROUND The high affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRI) is a crucial structure for IgE-mediated allergic reactions. We have previously demonstrated that human airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells express the tetrameric (alphabetagamma2) FcepsilonRI, and its activation leads to marked transient increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, release of Th-2(More)
The high affinity IgE receptor, Fc epsilonRI, plays a key role in the immunological pathways involved in allergic asthma. Previously we have demonstrated that human neutrophils isolated from allergic asthmatics express a functional Fc epsilonRI, and therefore it was of importance to examine the factors regulating its expression. In this study, we found that(More)
Airway remodeling is not specifically targeted by current asthma medications, partly owing to the lack of understanding of remodeling mechanisms, altogether posing great challenges in asthma treatment. Increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass due to hyperplasia/hypertrophy contributes significantly to overall airway remodeling and correlates with decline(More)
Airway remodeling due to increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass, likely due to enhanced migration and proliferation, has been shown to be highly associated with decline in lung function in asthma. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an IL-7-like, pro-allergic cytokine that has been shown to be necessary and sufficient for the development of allergic(More)
INTRODUCTION Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is characterised by the autoinflammation and necrosis of blood vessel walls. The renal involvement is commonly characterised by a pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis (PiCGN) with a very rapid decline in renal function. Cathelicidin LL37, an endogenous antimicrobial(More)
Previous studies have shown that enhanced accumulation of contractile proteins such as smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (smMLCK) plays a major role in human airway smooth muscle cells (HASM) cell hypercontractility and hypertrophy. Furthermore, serum IgE levels play an important role in smooth muscle hyperreactivity. However, the effect of IgE on(More)
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