Lianqi Wang

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Tomographic wavefront estimation using laser and natural guide stars is under development for ground-based extremely large telescopes. Typical wavefront sensing requirements include several bright mesospheric sodium laser guide stars (LGSs) supplemented by a few dim natural guide stars (NGSs) required to sense at low frame rate a small number of low-order(More)
We describe a high fidelity simulation method for estimating the sky coverage of multiconjugate adaptive optics systems; this method is based upon the split tomography control architecture, and employs an AO simulation postprocessing technique to evaluate system performance with hundreds of randomly generated natural guide star (NGS) asterisms. A novel(More)
The scientific utility of laser-guide-star-based multiconjugate adaptive optics systems depends upon high sky coverage. Previously we reported a high-fidelity sky coverage analysis of an ad hoc split tomography control algorithm and a postprocessing simulation technique. In this paper, we present the performance of a newer minimum variance split tomography(More)
Laser tomography and multiconjugate adaptive optics are under development for ground-based extremely large telescopes. Continuous wave sodium guide star lasers are planned for these systems, but their use raises some difficulties due to the extended nature of the beacons generated in the mesosphere and their spatiotemporal variability. We describe a(More)
NFIRAOS, the Thirty Meter Telescope’s first adaptive optics system is an order 60x60 Multi-Conjugate AO system with two deformable mirrors. Although most observing will use 6 laser guide stars, it also has an NGS-only mode. Uniquely, NFIRAOS is cooled to -30 °C to reduce thermal background. NFIRAOS delivers a 2-arcminute beam to three client instruments,(More)
This study proposes a robust video hashing for video copy detection. The proposed method, which is based on representative-dispersive frames (R-D frames), can reveal the global and local information of a video. In this method, a video is represented as a graph with frames as vertices. A similarity measure is proposed to calculate the weights between edges.(More)
The adaptive optics (AO) simulations at the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) have been carried out using the efficient, C based multi-threaded adaptive optics simulator (MAOS, http://github.com/lianqiw/maos). By porting time-critical parts of MAOS to graphical processing units (GPU) using NVIDIA CUDA technology, we achieved a 10 fold speed up for each GTX 580(More)
The scientific productivity of laser guide star adaptive optics systems strongly depends on the sky coverage, which describes the probability of finding natural guide stars for the tip/tilt wavefront sensor(s) to achieve a certain performance. Knowledge of the sky coverage is also important for astronomers planning their observations. In this paper, we(More)
The slope detection and ranging (SLODAR) method recovers atmospheric turbulence profiles from time averaged spatial cross correlations of wavefront slopes measured by Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors. The Palomar multiple guide star unit (MGSU) was set up to test tomographic multiple guide star adaptive optics and provided an ideal test bed for SLODAR(More)
Differential image motion monitors (DIMMs) have become the industry standard for astronomical site characterization. The calibration of DIMMs is generally considered to be routine, but we show that particular care must be paid to this issue if high-accuracy measurements are to be achieved. In a side by side comparison of several DIMMs, we demonstrate that(More)