Lianmeng Zhang

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On the basis of geophysical observations, cosmochemical constraints, and high-pressure experimental data, the Earth's liquid outer core consists of mainly liquid iron alloyed with about ten per cent (by weight) of light elements. Although the concentrations of the light elements are small, they nevertheless affect the Earth's core: its rate of cooling, the(More)
In this paper, a graded SiNx and SiOxNy structure is proposed as antireflection coatings deposited on top of amorphous silicon (α-Si) thin-film solar cell. The structural parameters are optimized by differential evolution in order to enhance the optical absorption of solar cells to the greatest degree. The optimal design result demonstrates that the(More)
In this paper, the performance of solar cells with graphene transparent electrodes is compared with cells using conventional indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes, and it is demonstrated the optical absorption of solar cells with bare graphene structure is worse than that of bare ITO structure because of the higher refractive index of graphene. To enhance the(More)
A novel negative index metamaterial design methodology for the visible spectrum with low losses was presented in this paper. A robust differential evolution (DE) was employed to optimize the metamaterial design to achieve a desired set of values for the index of refraction. By using numerical simulation of a wedge-shaped model and S-parameter retrieval(More)
Graphene/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) modification has been demonstrated to be an efficient route to improve the photocatalytic performance of various photocatalysts by promoting the effective separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. It is highly required to develop facile and environmental-friendly methods for the preparation of graphene-based(More)
To provide insight into precipitation phenomena in age-hardening Al-Zn-Mg(-Cu) matrix composites, an Al 7075 alloy composite reinforced with B4C particles was selected as a model system. The bulk composites were fabricated via plasma activated sintering and followed by a peak aged (T6) heat treatment. Two types of Al matrix zones were identified in the(More)
An easy method that combined gel casting and physical foaming was used to fabricate modified carbon foams. The design of carbon foams from sucrose/polyacrylamide hydrogel is a new concept for controlling the microstructure and improving the compressive properties of carbon foams. This article provides the micrographs obtained from optical and scanning(More)
W-Climbot is an inchworm-like biped wall-climbing robot we developed with a modular approach. Consisting of five joint modules and two suction modules, the robot is actually a mobile 5-DoF arm with dual end-effectors at the two ends. With this kinematic structure and biped climbing mode, W-Climbot has superior wall-climbing function (e.g., great ability to(More)
In this study we report on the sintering behavior, microstructure and electrical properties of Al-doped ZnO ceramics containing 0-0.2 wt. % graphene sheets (AZO-GNSs) and processed using spark plasma sintering (SPS). Our results show that the addition of <0.25 wt. % GNSs enhances both the relative density and the electrical resistivity of AZO ceramics. In(More)