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Bcl-2 family proteins can be classified into two subfamilies--anti-apoptotic members and pro-apoptotic members. Mechanistically, these two subfamilies can antagonize each other through heterodimerization while homodimerization has been proposed for each subfamily to carry out their corresponding anti-apoptotic or pro-apoptotic functions. To date, many(More)
Patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) have an estimated median survival of only 10 months because of acquired drug resistance, urging the need to develop therapies against the drug-resistant HRPC phenotype. Accumulating evidence suggests that overexpressing antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins is at least partially responsible for the(More)
Improved methods are required for the recycling of waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs). In this study, WPCBs (1-1.5 cm(2)) were separated into their components using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 60 °C for 45 min and a metallographic microscope was used to verify their delamination. An increased incubation time of 210 min yielded a complete separation of(More)
A series of inhibitors for anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins based on BHI-1 were synthesized and their binding interactions with Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), and Bcl-w were evaluated. It was found that modification of BHI-1 resulted in varied binding profiles among Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), and Bcl-w, and a set of inhibitors with varied selectivity to Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), and Bcl-w(More)
Foreign Object Debris (FOD) on the runways or taxiways may damage airplanes and injure personnel in the airport. There are two main types of commercial FOD detection systems, i.e. Fixed and mobile. Nowadays, only one of these two main types of FOD detection systems is deployed in some airports. In this paper, we propose a total solution to support both of(More)
Site-specific mono-PEGylations were performed in different conformational regions of Thymosin alpha 1 (T alpha 1) by introducing one cysteine residue into the chosen site and coupling with thiol-specific mPEG-MAL reagent. Results demonstrated that PEGylated sites and regions influenced the conformations and pharmacokinetic profiles of the peptide greatly(More)
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