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Newly developed concepts and methods for the quantification of fibre type regionalisation were used for comparison between all muscles traversing the ankle of the rat lower hindlimb (n = 12). For each muscle, cross-sections from the proximodistal midlevel were stained for myofibrillar ATPase and classified as type I ('slow') or II ('fast'). For the 11(More)
We have raised the hypothesis that in the South African clawed toad Xenopus laevis, urocortin 1 (UCN1), a member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) peptide family, functions not only within the brain as a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator but also as a neurohormone, promoting the release of alpha-melanophore-stimulating hormone (alphaMSH) from the(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved as an autocrine factor in the regulation of the secretory activity of the neuroendocrine pituitary melanotrope cells of Xenopus laevis. We studied the subcellular distribution of BDNF in Xenopus melanotropes using a combination of high-pressure freezing, cryosubstitution and immunoelectron microscopy.(More)
Subcellular localisation of proteins and peptides yields fundamental information about cell functioning. Immunoelectron microscopy is a powerful tool to achieve this goal, but combining good tissue preservation with strong immunoreactivity is a great challenge in electron microscopy. We have applied a novel approach, using high-pressure freezing (HPF)(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, occurs abundantly in the brain, where it exerts a variety of neural functions. We previously demonstrated that BDNF also exists in the endocrine melanotroph cells in the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland of the amphibian Xenopus laevis, suggesting that BDNF, in addition to(More)
For skeletal muscles, a well-known match exists between the properties of motoneurones and those of their muscle fibres. Hence, the intramuscular distribution of different kinds of motoneuronal nerve endings (e.g. 'slow' versus 'fast') can be mapped by determining the distribution of the corresponding types of muscle fibre. As a background for further(More)
In adult rats, the sciatic nerve was unilaterally sectioned and reunited above the knee. Following a survival time of 21 weeks, five muscles were removed from both lower hindlimbs after determining their intra-limb positions. In each muscle, cryostat sections from seven equidistant proximo-distal levels were stained for myofibrillar ATPase. Intramuscular(More)
After reinnervation following transection of the sciatic nerve, normal patterns of regional type I fiber distribution are known to return in rat hindlimb muscles. Here we investigate how this recovery is influenced by experimental conditions. In an initial operation, the nerve of gastrocnemius medialis (GM) of adult rats was cut close to the muscle and(More)
The topographical distribution of different fibre types in muscles of the lower hindlimb in rabbits and mice was quantitatively determined. The results were compared to those previously obtained, using the same new quantification methods, in homologous muscles of the rat. Type I fibres ('slow') were identified using myofibrillar ATPase histochemistry and(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is immunocytochemically demonstrated in the magnocellular nucleus and neural lobe of the pituitary gland of the amphibian Xenopus laevis. Immunoelectron microscopy shows BDNF in secretory granules of type A neurohemal axon terminals in the neural lobe of pituitary gland. It is proposed that BDNF released from the(More)
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