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AIM Recent studies have underlined causative links between microRNA (miRNA) deregulation and cancer development. However, the relevance of abnormally expressed miRNA to tumor biology has not been well understood in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS A bead-based miRNA expression profiling method was performed on 20 pairs of surgically removed HCC and(More)
AIM To investigate the status of Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/PTEN/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and its correlation with clinicopathological features and matrix metalloproteinase-2, -9 (MMP-2, 9) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS PTEN, Phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), Phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), MMP-2, MMP-9 and(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies and a major cause of cancer-related mortality in the world. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that play essential roles in various stages during cancer progression. The aim of the current study was to elucidate the role of miR-1269 in the pathogenesis of HCC. The expression of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and mechanism thereof. METHOD Human HCC cells of the lines HepG2 and SMMC-7721 were cultured and treated with of EGCG of the concentrations of 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 microg/ml respectively for 24 h and 48 h. The cell(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on hepatic fibrogenesis and on cultured hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The rat model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced hepatic fibrosis was used to assess the effect of daily intraperitoneal injections of EGCG on the indexes of fibrosis. Histological and hepatic(More)
AIM Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the major component of green tea polyphenols, whose wide range of biological properties includes anti-fibrogenic activity. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) that participate in extracellular matrix degradation are involved in the development of hepatic fibrosis. The present study investigates whether EGCG inhibits(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist, on the expression of the phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 gene (PTEN) and cell growth in hepatocellular carcinoma cells, as well as the underlying mechanisms of these effects. METHODS RT-PCR and Western blotting(More)
AIM   5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the most commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs. Resistance to 5-FU is a major cause of chemotherapy failure in advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Green tea polyphenol Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) plays a critical role in growth inhibition and apoptotic induction in HCC cell lines. The aim of this study(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an abundant class of short noncoding RNAs that can posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression in animals. They are also involved in cancer initiation and progression, and their expression profiles serve as phenotypic signatures of different cancers. The roles played by microRNAs specifically in "micromanagement of metastasis" has(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Aberrant activation of sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway plays important roles in tumorigenesis and progression of several tumors. Cyclopamine, an important inhibitor of Shh signaling pathway, can induce cell apoptosis. However, the mechanisms(More)