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beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), the major pathological factor in Alzheimer's disease, has recently been reported to be implicated in the development of glaucoma. In this study, we explored the effect of muscarinic activation on abnormal processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) induced by a risk factor hypoxia in retinal ganglion cells. Hypoxia(More)
—The Domain Name System (DNS) seems ideal for connectionless UDP, yet this choice results in challenges of eavesdropping that compromises privacy, source-address spoofing that simplifies denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on the server and third parties, injection attacks that exploit fragmentation, and reply-size limits that constrain key sizes and policy(More)
An understanding of the genetic basis underlying the phenotypic variations of yeast strains would guide the breeding of this useful microorganism. Here, comparative functional genomics (CFG) of two bioethanol Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains (YJS329 and ZK2) with different stress tolerances and ethanol fermentation performances were performed. Our analysis(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the effect of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood and right atrium of patients with HCC and to evaluate whether perioperative shedding of CTCs affects time to progression of HCC. Before and after TACE, peripheral and right atrial blood samples (7.5 mL) were(More)
Aggregate nearest neighbor query, which returns a common interesting point that minimizes the aggregate distance for a given query point set, is one of the most important operations in spatial databases and their application domains. This paper addresses the problem of finding the aggregate nearest neighbor for a merged set that consists of the given query(More)
Latanoprost, a synthetic derivative of the natural prostaglandin F(2a) (PGF(2a)), is a powerful antiglaucoma agent with ocular hypotensive and neuroprotective effects. However, the neuroregenerative effect and signaling pathway of latanoprost in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are still unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the regenerative(More)
Allostery is the most direct, rapid and efficient way of regulating protein function, ranging from the control of metabolic mechanisms to signal-transduction pathways. However, an enormous amount of unsystematic allostery information has deterred scientists who could benefit from this field. Here, we present the AlloSteric Database (ASD), the first online(More)
Autophagy is the main catabolic pathway in cells for the degradation of impaired proteins and organelles. Accumulating evidence supports the hypothesis that dysfunction of autophagy, leading to an imbalance of proteostasis and the accumulation of toxic proteins in neurons, is a central player in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as(More)
Direct infusion by means of needles is one of the widely used methods for the delivery of nanoparticles in tumors for hyperthermia cancer treatments. During an infusion process, infusion-induced deformation can substantially affect the dispersion of the nanoparticles injected in a biological tissue. In this study, a poroelastic model is developed to(More)
Aggregate nearest neighbor (ANN) query returns a common interesting data object that minimizes an aggregate distance for multiple query points. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to efficiently process ANN queries in road networks. This approach includes two processes: initializing process and pruning process, which are both based on computing(More)