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beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), the major pathological factor in Alzheimer's disease, has recently been reported to be implicated in the development of glaucoma. In this study, we explored the effect of muscarinic activation on abnormal processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) induced by a risk factor hypoxia in retinal ganglion cells. Hypoxia(More)
Stringent control of the NF-kappaB and type I interferon signaling pathways is critical to effective host immune responses, yet the molecular mechanisms that negatively regulate these pathways are poorly understood. Here, we show that NLRC5, a member of the highly conserved NOD-like protein family, can inhibit the IKK complex and RIG-I/MDA5 function. NLRC5(More)
An understanding of the genetic basis underlying the phenotypic variations of yeast strains would guide the breeding of this useful microorganism. Here, comparative functional genomics (CFG) of two bioethanol Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains (YJS329 and ZK2) with different stress tolerances and ethanol fermentation performances were performed. Our analysis(More)
The Domain Name System (DNS) seems ideal for connectionless UDP, yet this choice results in challenges of eavesdropping that compromises privacy, source-address spoofing that simplifies denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on the server and third parties, injection attacks that exploit fragmentation, and reply-size limits that constrain key sizes and policy(More)
People's computing lives are moving into the cloud, making understanding cloud availability increasingly critical. Prior studies of In-ternet outages have used ICMP-based pings and traceroutes. While these studies can detect network availability, we show that they can be inaccurate at estimating cloud availability. Without care, ICMP probes can(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the effect of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood and right atrium of patients with HCC and to evaluate whether perioperative shedding of CTCs affects time to progression of HCC. Before and after TACE, peripheral and right atrial blood samples (7.5 mL) were(More)
Aggregate nearest neighbor query, which returns a common interesting point that minimizes the aggregate distance for a given query point set, is one of the most important operations in spatial databases and their application domains. This paper addresses the problem of finding the aggregate nearest neighbor for a merged set that consists of the given query(More)
Latanoprost, a synthetic derivative of the natural prostaglandin F(2a) (PGF(2a)), is a powerful antiglaucoma agent with ocular hypotensive and neuroprotective effects. However, the neuroregenerative effect and signaling pathway of latanoprost in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are still unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the regenerative(More)