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Blumea densiflora, an edible and medicinal plant, is chiefly distributed in Southeast Asia and South Asia. Essential oils extracted by steam distillation from B. densiflora were investigated for their chemical composition and larvicidal activity against Anopheles anthropophagus, the primary vector of malaria in China and other East Asian countries. Totally,(More)
Stringent control of the NF-kappaB and type I interferon signaling pathways is critical to effective host immune responses, yet the molecular mechanisms that negatively regulate these pathways are poorly understood. Here, we show that NLRC5, a member of the highly conserved NOD-like protein family, can inhibit the IKK complex and RIG-I/MDA5 function. NLRC5(More)
INI1/hSNF5 is a component of the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling hSWI/SNF complex and a tumor suppressor gene of aggressive pediatric atypical teratoid and malignant rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT). To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying its tumor suppressor function, we studied the effect of reintroduction of INI1/hSNF5 into AT/RT-derived cell lines(More)
The nuclear receptor pregnane X receptor (PXR) is activated by a range of xenochemicals, including chemotherapeutic drugs, and has been suggested to play a role in the development of tumor cell resistance to anticancer drugs. PXR also has been implicated as a regulator of the growth and apoptosis of colon tumors. Here, we have used a xenograft model of(More)
Heterozygosity of the retinoblastoma gene Rb1 elicits tumorigenesis in susceptible tissues following spontaneous loss of the remaining functional allele. Inactivation of previously studied retinoblastoma protein (pRb) targets partially inhibited tumorigenesis in Rb1(+/-) mice. Here we report that inactivation of pRb target Skp2 (refs. 7,8) completely(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the expressions of Foxp3 and CD25 on CD4(+) T cells from patients with new-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and assess their clinical significance. METHODS 10 patients with active (systemic lupus erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) >or=10) and 11 with inactive (SLEDAI <or=5) new-onset SLE as well as 11 healthy(More)
The high frequency of activating RAS or BRAF mutations in cancer provides strong rationale for targeting the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Selective BRAF and MAP-ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitors have shown clinical efficacy in patients with melanoma. However, the majority of responses are transient, and resistance is often associated with(More)
The optimization, purification and characterization of bioflocculant produced by Paenibacillus elgii B69 were investigated. The bioflocculant was an exopolysaccharide composed of glucose, glucuronic acid, mannose and xylose. The maximum bioflocculant production was about 25.63 g/L achieved with sucrose at 51.35 g/L, peptone at 6.78 g/L and yeast extract at(More)
Stringent control of the type I interferon signaling pathway is important for maintaining host immune responses and homeostasis, yet the molecular mechanisms responsible for its tight regulation are still poorly understood. Here we report that the pattern-recognition receptor NLRP4 regulated the activation of type I interferon mediated by double-stranded(More)
The laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor equipped with a pair of bioelectrodes was established for the enhancement of p-chloronitrobenzene (p-ClNB) reductive transformation via the electrolysis. Results showed that a stable COD removal efficiency over 99% and high p-ClNB transformation rate of 0.328 h(-1) were achieved in the(More)