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The authors have developed a set of shape factors to measure the roughness of contours of calcifications in mammograms and for use in their classification as malignant or benign. The analysis of mammograms is performed in three stages. First, a region growing technique is used to obtain the contours of calcifications. Then, three measures of shape features,(More)
Color, infrared, and flash images captured in different fields can be employed to effectively eliminate noise and other visual artifacts. We propose a two-image restoration framework considering input images in different fields, for example, one noisy color image and one dark-flashed near infrared image. The major issue in such a framework is to handle(More)
Lossless compression techniques are essential in archival and communication of medical images. In this paper, a new segmentation-based lossless image coding (SLIC) method is proposed, which is based on a simple but efficient region growing procedure. The embedded region growing procedure produces an adaptive scanning pattern for the image with the help of a(More)
So far, the first- and second-order kinetic equations have been most frequently employed to interpret adsorption data obtained under various conditions, whereas the theoretical origins of these two equations still remain unknown. Using the Langmuir kinetics as a theoretical basis, this study showed that the Langmuir kinetics can be transformed to a(More)
INTRODUCTION An increasing body of evidence is being published about single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC), but there are no well-powered trials with an adequate evaluation of post-operative pain. This randomized trial compares SILC against four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with post-operative pain as the primary endpoint. METHODS(More)
The natural product curcumin has gained considerable attention in recent years for its multiple pharmacological activities, but more efforts are needed to understand how curcumin can have these pharmacological effects considering its low bioavailability. In addition, it is unclear how curcumin exerts inhibitory effects against numerous enzymes, especially(More)
Objectives. We report the single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) learning experience of 2 hepatobiliary surgeons and the factors that could influence the learning curve of SILC. Methods. Patients who underwent SILC by Surgeons A and B were studied retrospectively. Operating time, conversion rate, reason for conversion, identity of first(More)
Mammograms are difficult to interpret, especially of cancers at their early stages. We analyze the effectiveness of our adaptive neighborhood contrast enhancement (ANCE) technique in increasing the sensitivity of breast cancer diagnosis. Seventy-eight screen-film mammograms of 21 difficult cases (14 benign and seven malignant), 222 screen-film mammograms of(More)
Curcumin is a yellow-orange pigment, which has attracted considerable attention due to its wide spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. In spite of much effort devoted on curcumin, there still exist some open questions concerning its fundamental physicochemical properties. The present study suggests that the DFT and TD-DFT calculations are(More)
BACKGROUND The rates and extent of recovery in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) remain highly variable. Hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) on pretreatment unenhanced computerized tomography (CT) of the brain represents the presence of thrombus, often associated with severe(More)