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The authors have developed a set of shape factors to measure the roughness of contours of calcifications in mammograms and for use in their classification as malignant or benign. The analysis of mammograms is performed in three stages. First, a region growing technique is used to obtain the contours of calcifications. Then, three measures of shape features,(More)
Lossless compression techniques are essential in archival and communication of medical images. In this paper, a new segmentation-based lossless image coding (SLIC) method is proposed, which is based on a simple but efficient region growing procedure. The embedded region growing procedure produces an adaptive scanning pattern for the image with the help of a(More)
Color, infrared, and flash images captured in different fields can be employed to effectively eliminate noise and other visual artifacts. We propose a two-image restoration framework considering input images in different fields, for example, one noisy color image and one dark-flashed near-infrared image. The major issue in such a framework is to handle(More)
Objectives. We report the single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) learning experience of 2 hepatobiliary surgeons and the factors that could influence the learning curve of SILC. Methods. Patients who underwent SILC by Surgeons A and B were studied retrospectively. Operating time, conversion rate, reason for conversion, identity of first(More)
—This article investigates the problem of distributed channel selection for opportunistic spectrum access systems, where multiple cognitive radio (CR) users are spatially located and mutual interference only emerges between neighboring users. In addition, there is no information exchange among CR users. We first propose a MAC-layer interference minimization(More)
Mammograms are difficult to interpret, especially of cancers at their early stages. In this paper, we analyze the effectiveness of our adaptive neighborhood contrast enhancement (ANCE) technique in increasing the sensitivity of breast cancer diagnosis. Seventy-eight screen-film mammograms of 21 difficult cases (14 benign and seven malignant), 222(More)
—This article investigates the problem of distributed channel selection in opportunistic spectrum access (OSA) networks with partially overlapping channels (POC) using a game-theoretic learning algorithm. Compared with traditional non-overlapping channels (NOC), POC can increase the full-range spectrum utilization, mitigate interference and improve the(More)
algorithms, called the basic GADIA and the soft GADIA respectively , were proposed to solve the problem of interference avoidance for a canonical class of communication networks. The methodology proposed therein is constructive. In this letter, we re-investigate this problem from a game-theoretic perspective, and obtain some key incremental results in favor(More)
BACKGROUND Extant life depends greatly on the binding of small molecules (such as ligands) with macromolecules (such as proteins), and one ligand can bind multiple proteins. However, little is known about the global patterns of ligand-protein mapping. RESULTS By examining 2,186 well-defined small-molecule ligands and thousands of protein domains derived(More)