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Random fluctuations in process conditions change the physical properties of parameters on a chip. The correlation of device parameters depends on spatial locations. In general, the closer devices most likely have the similar parameter variation. The key performance of many analog circuits is directly related to accurate capacitance ratios. Parallel unit(More)
Power integrity is generally considered to be one of the major bottlenecks hindering the prevalence of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs). The higher integration density and smaller footprint result in significantly increased power density, which threatens the system reliability. In view of this, there has been groundswell of interest in(More)
Three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs) have drawn groundswell of interest in both academia and industry in recent years. However, the power integrity of 3D ICs is threatened by the increased current density brought by vertical integration. To enhance reliability, the locations of power/ground through-silicon-vias (P/G TSVs), which are used to(More)
Power supply noise has become one of the primary concerns in low power designs. To ensure power integrity, designers need to make sure that voltage droop and bounce do not exceed noise margin in all possible scenarios. Since it is very difficult to capture the exact worst corner among the mist of complex functionalities in modern VLSI designs, statistical(More)
In advanced technologies, on-chip-variation (OCV) has accounted for a large proportion of clock skew, which limits the performance of a circuit. To mitigate the OCV problem, a mesh structure has been widely used in high-performance designs. Unfortunately, clock mesh structure also causes large power consumption and large power-ground surge current.(More)
Runtime noise management systems typically rely on on-chip noise sensors to accurately capture voltage emergencies. As such, the threshold voltage for noise sensors to report emergencies serves as a critical tuning knob between the system failure rate and false alarms. Unfortunately, the problem of optimal threshold voltage computation remains open in(More)
A sub-threshold design could provide a compelling approach to power critical applications. An exponential relationship exists, however, between the delay and the threshold voltage, that makes this design-time timing closure extremely difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. Several previous studies were focused on the technique of body biasing during(More)