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OBJECTIVE The relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the risk of dementia remains controversial. This population based study was designed to estimate and compare the risk of dementia in TBI and non-TBI individuals during the 5 year period after TBI. METHODS This study was a retrospective cohort study. Data were obtained from the(More)
Magnesium sulfate and nimesulide are commonly used drugs with reported neuroprotective effects. Their combination as stroke treatment has the potential benefits of decreasing individual drug dosage and fewer adverse effects. This study evaluated their synergistic effects and compared a low-dose combination with individual drug alone and placebo.(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes brain injury via glutamate excitotoxicity, which leads to an excessive Ca2+ influx and this starts an apoptotic cascade. Memantine has been proven to reduce brain injury in several types of brain insults. This study investigated the neuro-protective potential of memantine after SAH and explored the underlying mechanisms.(More)
Several studies have provided evidence with regard to the neuroprotection benefits of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in cases of stroke, and HBO also promotes bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) proliferation and mobilization. This study investigates the influence of HBO therapy on the migration of BMSCs, neurogenesis, gliosis, and inflammation after stroke.(More)
AIM Autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) are characterized by systemic inflammation and may affect multiple organs and cause vascular events such as ischemic stroke and acute myocardial infarction. However, the association between ARD and increased risk of dementia is uncertain. This is a retrospective cohort study to investigate and compare the risk of(More)
We report a case with double primary intracranial tumors of different cell types without phacomatosis. The patient was hospitalized due to progressive memory impairment, headaches, dysarthria and right hemiparesis. Initial computed tomographic (CT) examinations revealed a large hyperdense tumor over the right frontal lobe, suggestive of an extra-axial(More)
Delayed cerebral vasospasm is an important pathological feature of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The cause of vasospasm is multifactorial. Impairs nitric oxide availability and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) dysfunction has been reported to underlie vasospasm. Memantine, a low-affinity uncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) blocker has been(More)
Recent studies reported granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment can improve the cognitive function of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) mice, and the mobilized hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) or bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are proposed to be involved in this recovery effect. However, the exact role of mobilized HSC/BM-MSC in(More)
BACKGROUND Orbital tumors are classified as primary and secondary. For primary entities, there are variable pathologies with benign and malignant natures. Many of the orbital tumors should be excised through neurosurgical approaches. We reported 2 cases of orbital tumors, which were clearly disclosed by magnetic resonance imaging. CASE DESCRIPTION Case 1(More)
Post-ischemic inflammation plays an important role in the progression of ischemia/reperfusion injuries. Prothymosin-α (ProT) can protect cells from necrotic death following ischemia; however, its immunostimulatory actions may counteract the neuroprotective effect. We proposed that ProTΔNLS, synthesized by deleting its nuclear localizing signal (NLS) at the(More)
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