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The ribonucleoprotein enzyme RNase P catalyzes the 5' processing of pre-transfer RNA, and has also recently been implicated in pre-ribosomal RNA processing. In the present investigation, in situ hybridization revealed that RNase P RNA is present throughout the nucleus of mammalian cells. However, rhodamine-labeled human RNase P RNA microinjected into the(More)
The interaction between the mitotic spindle and the cellular cortex is thought to play a critical role in stimulating cell cleavage. However, little is understood about the nature of such interactions, particularly in tissue culture cells. We have investigated the role of the spindle midzone in signaling cytokinesis by creating a barrier in cultured(More)
PURPOSE Sorafenib inhibits Raf kinase and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody targeted against VEGF. We hypothesized that the complementary inhibition of VEGF signaling would have synergistic therapeutic effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients had advanced solid tumors, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(More)
PURPOSE To determine if sorafenib is associated with a 4-month probability of progression-free survival, which is consistent with 50%, as determined by clinical, radiographic, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) criteria in patients with metastatic androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with progressive metastatic AIPC(More)
The PAX3-FKHR fusion protein is present in a majority of alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas associated with increased aggressiveness and poor prognosis. To better understand the molecular pathogenesis of PAX3-FKHR, we carried out the first, unbiased genome-wide identification of PAX3-FKHR binding sites and associated target genes in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. The(More)
STAT3 and STAT5 are constitutively activated and nuclear in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. In normal signaling, STATs are only transiently activated. To investigate whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and in particular the protein LMP1, contributes to sustained STAT phosphorylation and activation in epithelial cells, we examined STAT activity in two(More)
Although the distribution of filamentous actin is well characterized in many cell types, the distribution of nonfilamentous actin remains poorly understood. To determine the relative distribution of filamentous and nonfilamentous actin in cultured NRK cells, we have used a number of labeling agents that differ with respect to their specificities toward the(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) and its ligands are overexpressed by tumors, mediating proliferation and protecting against stress-induced apoptosis. Accordingly, there has been a considerable amount of interest in developing therapeutic agents against IGF-IR. IGF-IR is believed to be ubiquitously expressed without detectable mutation or(More)
Mannoproteins are important and abundant structural components of fungal cell walls. The AFMP1 gene encodes a cell wall galactomannoprotein of Aspergillus fumigatus. In the present study, we show that Afmp1p is secreted into the cell culture supernatant at a level that can be detected by Western blotting. A sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)
The contractile ring in dividing animal cells is formed primarily through the reorganization of existing actin filaments (Cao, L.-G., and Y.-L. Wang. 1990. J. Cell Biol. 110:1089-1096), but it is not clear whether the process involves a random recruitment of diffusible actin filaments from the cytoplasm, or a directional movement of cortically associated(More)