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In the injured liver, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) secrete many different cytokines, recruit lymphocytes, and thus participate actively in the pathogenesis of liver disease. Little is known of the role of HSCs in immune responses. In this study, HSCs isolated from C57BL/10 (H2b) mice were found to express scant key surface molecules in the quiescent stage.(More)
Abnormalities of dendritic cells (DCs) have been identified in type 1 diabetic patients and in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice that are associated with augmented nuclear transcription factor (NF)-kappaB activity. An imbalance that favors development of the immunogenic DCs may predispose to the disease, and restoration of the balance by administration of DCs(More)
Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) can be genetically engineered using adenoviral (Ad) vectors to express immunosuppressive molecules that promote T cell unresponsiveness. The success of these DCs for therapy of allograft rejection has been limited in part by the potential of the adenovirus to promote DC maturation and the inherent ability of the DC(More)
BACKGROUND Organ transplantation has been successfully practiced for decades, but the outcome of cell transplantation remains disappointing. This is the case in animal models; liver allografts in mice are spontaneously accepted without requirement of immunosuppression, whereas hepatocyte transplants in the same combination are acutely rejected, apparently(More)
UNLABELLED Although organ transplants have been applied for decades, outcomes of somatic cell transplants remain disappointing, presumably due to lack of appropriate supporting stromal cells. Thus, cotransplantation with liver stromal cells, hepatic stellate cells (HSC), achieves long-term survival of islet allografts in mice by way of induction of effector(More)
BACKGROUND Side effects of lifetime immunosuppression for cell transplants often outweigh the benefits; therefore, induction of transplant tolerance is needed. We have shown that cotransplantation with myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) effectively protect islet allografts from rejection without requirement of immunosuppression. This study was to(More)
The suppressive effect of rapamycin on T cells has been extensively studied, but its influence on the function of APC is less clear. The data in this study demonstrated that immunostimulatory activity of B10 (H2(b)) dendritic cells (DC) exposed to rapamycin (rapa-DC) was markedly suppressed as evidenced by the induction of low proliferative responses and(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a more applicable approach that uses recipient-derived dendritic cells (DC) for organ transplantation. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Systemic administration of immature donor DC that are deficient in costimulatory molecules delays the onset of allograft rejection. However, this approach requires in vitro DC propagation and would not be(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play an important role in the regulation of the immune response. MDSC expansion occurs in many circumstances, including cancer, inflammation, stresses, and transplant tolerance. Liver transplants in mice are spontaneously accepted, but hepatocyte transplants are acutely rejected, suggesting the immunoregulatory(More)
UNLABELLED The liver is considered to be an immune-privileged organ that favors the induction of tolerance. The underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Interestingly, liver transplants are spontaneously accepted in several animal models, but hepatocyte transplants are acutely rejected, suggesting that liver nonparenchymal cells may effectively(More)