Learn More
Early restriction of nutrients during the perinatal period has marked repercussions on CNS ontogeny, leading to impaired functions. This study investigated the effects of pre- and postnatal (up to 75 days) undernutrition (diet: 8% protein; normonourished group: 25% protein) on some glutamatergic and behavioral parameters of rats. Undernutrition reduced: (i)(More)
We investigated effects of Ebselen, diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2 and diphenyl ditelluride (PhTe)2 on [3H]glutamate uptake and release by brain synaptosomes. Ebselen after acute exposure inhibited K+-stimulated [3H]glutamate release by brain synaptosomes. (PhSe)2 and (PhTe)2 did not change [3H]glutamate release by brain synaptosomes. Ebselen, (PhSe)2 and(More)
S100B is a calcium-binding protein expressed and secreted by astrocytes, playing a neurotrophic role in neighboring cells. A protective role of the S100B against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity has recently been proposed. We investigated S100B secretion in rat hippocampal astrocytes exposed to high concentrations of glutamate during serum deprivation(More)
Ketogenic diets have been used to treat seizure disorders of children and recently it was shown to increase the drug-induced seizure threshold in rats. Protein phosphorylation is a major regulatory mechanism of signal transduction that has been implicated in modulating neuronal excitability. We investigated the basal protein phosphorylation in microslices(More)
Perinatal undernutrition impairs maturational events in the development of the brain, resulting in a variety of brain dysfunctions, which affect cognitive functions. This study investigated the effects of pre- and post-natal undernutrition (diet: 8% protein; control group: 25% protein) on some glutamatergic and behavioral parameters of 21-day-old rats. In(More)
Our goal was to analyze the association of the fat mass and obesity- associated (FTO) gene rs9939609 variant (T/A) with the anthropometric and dietary intake phenotypes related to obesity in Brazilian children. We analyzed the association of this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with phenotypes related to the accumulation of body mass in a cohort of 348(More)
Recent studies indicate that caloric restriction (CR) protects the central nervous system from several pathological conditions. The impairment of astroglial cell function, including glutamate uptake, glutamine synthetase (GS) activity and S100B secretion, may contribute to the progression of neurological disorders. The present study aimed to evaluate(More)
The protein malnutrition is a worldwide problem, affecting mainly newborns and children of developing countries. This deficiency reaches the brain in the most critical period of the development. Various consequences are related to this insult, such as memory disturbance, learning, and behavioral impairment. Protein content of the diet plays an important(More)
Obesity is an epidemic disease that may affect brain function. The present study examined the effect of high fat diet (HF) and physical exercise on peripheral tissue and hippocampal signaling. CF-1 mice (n = 4, per cage) were divided into groups receiving high fat (HF) or control (CD) diets for 5 months, with or without voluntary exercise. Serum(More)
Natural products, including those derived from plants, have largely contributed to the development of therapeutic drugs. Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and it is also considered a nociceptive neurotransmitter, by acting on peripheral nervous system. For this reason, in this study we investigated the effects(More)