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OBJECTIVE To design a training intervention and then test its effect on nurse leaders' perceptions of patient safety culture. STUDY SETTING Three hundred and fifty-six nurses in clinical leadership roles (nurse managers and educators/CNSs) in two Canadian multi-site teaching hospitals (study and control). STUDY DESIGN A prospective evaluation of a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between organizational leadership for patient safety and five types of learning from patient safety events (PSEs). STUDY SETTING Forty-nine general acute care hospitals in Ontario, Canada. STUDY DESIGN A nonexperimental design using cross-sectional surveys of hospital patient safety officers (PSOs) and patient care(More)
BACKGROUND As efforts to address patient safety (PS) in health professional (HP) education increase, it is important to understand new HPs' perspectives on their own PS competence at entry to practice. This study examines the self-reported PS competence of newly registered nurses, pharmacists and physicians. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 4496 new(More)
This paper highlights a variety of issues from the organizational change literature that are especially relevant to the implementation of initiatives in interprofessional education (IPE) for collaborative practice (CP). At the level of the individual, these include the existence of strong professional cultures and the need to motivate change. At the level(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying and understanding factors influencing fear of repercussions for reporting and discussing medical errors in nurses and physicians remains an important area of inquiry. Work is needed to disentangle the role of clinician characteristics from those of the organization-level and unit-level safety environments in which these clinicians(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the psychometric and unit of analysis/strength of culture issues in patient safety culture (PSC) measurement. DATA SOURCE Two cross-sectional surveys of health care staff in 10 Canadian health care organizations totaling 11,586 respondents. STUDY DESIGN A cross-validation study of a measure of PSC using survey data gathered using(More)
BACKGROUND Enhancing competency in patient safety at entry to practice requires introduction and integration of patient safety into health professional education. As efforts to include patient safety in health professional education increase, it is important to capture new health professionals' perspectives of their own patient safety competence at entry to(More)
BACKGROUND Patient safety (PS) receives limited attention in health professional curricula. We developed and pilot tested four Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) stations intended to reflect socio-cultural dimensions in the Canadian Patient Safety Institute's Safety Competency Framework. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS 18 third year undergraduate(More)
BACKGROUND As efforts to integrate patient safety into health professional curricula increase, there is growing recognition that the rate of curricular change is very slow, and there is a shortage of research that addresses critical perspectives of faculty who are on the 'front-lines' of curricular innovation. This study reports on medical, nursing and(More)
BACKGROUND Although the study of research utilization is not new, there has been increased emphasis on the topic over the recent past. Science push models that are researcher driven and controlled and demand pull models emphasizing users/decision-maker interests have largely been abandoned in favour of more interactive models that emphasize linkages between(More)