Liana Steeghs

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In Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide and phospholipid biosynthesis takes place at the inner membrane. How the completed lipid molecules are subsequently transported to the outer membrane remains unknown. Omp85 of Neisseria meningitidis is representative for a family of outer membrane proteins conserved among Gram-negative bacteria. We first(More)
The pili of Neisseria meningitidis are a key virulence factor, being major adhesins of this capsulate organism that contribute to specificity for the human host. Recently it has been reported that meningococcal pili are post-translationally modified by the addition of an O-linked trisaccharide, Gal (beta1-4) Gal (alpha1-3)(More)
Two genes homologous to lpxL and lpxM from Escherichia coli and other gram-negative bacteria, which are involved in lipid A acyloxyacylation, were identified in Neisseria meningitidis strain H44/76 and insertionally inactivated. Analysis by tandem mass spectrometry showed that one of the resulting mutants, termed lpxL1, makes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with(More)
Neisseria meningitidis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been identified as a major determinant of dendritic cell (DC) function. Here we report that one of a series of meningococcal mutants with defined truncations in the lacto-N-neotetraose outer core of the LPS exhibited unique strong adhesion and internalization properties towards DC. These properties were(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the major constituents of the gram-negative bacterial cell envelope. Its endotoxic activity causes the relatively high reactogenicity of whole-cell vaccines. Several bacteria harbor LPS-modifying enzymes that modulate the endotoxic activity of the LPS. Here we evaluated whether two such enzymes, i.e., PagP and PagL, could(More)
Meningococcal disease severity correlates with circulating concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and proinflammatory cytokines. Disruption of the lpxA gene of Neisseria meningitidis generated a viable strain that was deficient of detectable LPS. The potency of wild-type N. meningitidis to elicit tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production by human(More)
The immunogenicity of outer membrane complexes (OMCs) or heat-inactivated bacteria of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-deficient mutant derived from meningococcal strain H44/76 was studied. The immune response in BALB/c mice to the major outer membrane proteins was poor compared to the immune response elicited by wild-type immunogens. However, addition of(More)
In the pathogen Neisseria meningitidis, a completely lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-deficient but viable mutant can be obtained by insertional inactivation of the lpxA gene, encoding UDP-GlcNAc acyltransferase required for the first step of lipid A biosynthesis. To study how outer membrane structure and biogenesis are affected by the absence of this normally(More)
Gonorrhea is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases in the world. A naturally occurring variation of the terminal carbohydrates on the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) molecule correlates with altered disease states. Here, we investigated the interaction of different stable gonoccocal LOS phenotypes with human dendritic cells and demonstrate that(More)