Liana M. Wiegel

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For ectothermic vertebrates, such as reptiles, the effects of opioid receptor subtype activation on breathing are poorly understood. On the basis of previous studies on mammals and lampreys, we hypothesized that mu- and delta-opioid receptor (MOR and DOR, respectively) activation would cause respiratory depression, whereas kappa-opioid receptor (KOR)(More)
The role of pacemaker properties in vertebrate respiratory rhythm generation is not well understood. To address this question from a comparative perspective, brain stems from adult turtles were isolated in vitro, and respiratory motor bursts were recorded on hypoglossal (XII) nerve rootlets. The goal was to test whether burst frequency could be altered by(More)
To determine how central opioid receptor activation alters turtle breathing, respiratory-related hypoglossal (XII) motor bursts were recorded from isolated adult turtle brainstems during 60 min bath applications of agonists for delta- (DOR), kappa- (KOR), or nociceptin/orphanin (NOR) receptors. DADLE (DOR agonist) abolished XII burst frequency at 0.3-0.5(More)
effects of ␮-, ␦-, and ␬-opioid receptor activation on breathing in awake turtles, Trachemys scripta.—For ectothermic vertebrates , such as reptiles, the effects of opioid receptor subtype activation on breathing are poorly understood. On the basis of previous studies on mammals and lampreys, we hypothesized that ␮-and ␦-opioid receptor (MOR and DOR,(More)
Discrete midline lesions uncouple left and right respiratory motor output in mammals, but not in frogs and lampreys. To address this question in reptiles, isolated adult turtle brainstems were cut along the midline while recording respiratory motor output (bursts of action potentials) on left and right hypoglossal (XII) nerves. XII motor bursts were(More)
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