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PAX6 is essential for ocular morphogenesis. Mutations in the PAX6 gene produce various phenotypes, including aniridia, Peters' anomaly, foveal hypoplasia, autosomal dominant keratitis and congenital cataracts. PAX6 functions as a transcription factor and has two DNA binding domains (a paired domain and a homeodomain) which are joined by a linker, and a(More)
A series of gene probes for chromosome 11 has been used to study the genetic events associated with the development of Wilms tumor. Examination of DNA samples from five patients with Wilms tumor in whom the tumors showed loss of chromosome 11 alleles and their parents indicate that alleles lost in the tumors are of maternal origin. These data suggest that(More)
Mutations in the human PAX6 gene produce various phenotypes, including aniridia, Peters' anomaly, autosomal dominant keratitis and familial foveal dysplasia. The various phenotypes may arise from different mutations in the same gene. To test this theory, we performed a functional analysis of two missense mutations in the paired domain: the R26G mutation,(More)
PAX6 functions as a transcription factor and has two DNA-binding domains, a paired domain (PD) and a homeodomain (HD), joined by a glycine-rich linker and followed by a proline-serine-threonine-rich (PST) transactivation region at the C terminus. The mechanism of PAX6 function is not clearly understood, and few target genes in vertebrates have been(More)
This is a report on the nature of the mutations in the PAX6 gene in twenty patients with aniridia. Five of the twenty patients had sporadic aniridia with deletions in chromosome 11p13. Three of the five had WAGR syndrome (Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, mental retardation), and the other two had deletions whose breakpoints occurred between(More)
Wilms' tumour (WT), a paediatric renal neoplasm, affect approximately 1 in 10,000 children. One or both kidneys can be affected and 5-10% of tumours are bilateral. Most tumours occur sporadically; however, around 1% of the cases are familial, with siblings or cousins most often being affected. Familial cases are more frequently bilateral, and familial and(More)
Wilms tumor, a common childhood renal tumor, occurs in both a heritable and a nonheritable form. The heritable form may occasionally be attributed to a chromosome deletion at 11p13, and tumors from patients with normal constitutional chromosomes often show deletion or rearrangement of 11p13. It has been suggested that a germinal or somatic mutation may(More)
The primary structures of a cDNA and the genomic DNA of a gene selectively expressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia were determined. A computer search of the nucleotide sequence data bank identified this gene as the invariant gamma-chain associated with class II histocompatibility antigens. The invariant gamma-chain genomic sequence spans about 11(More)
We describe the partial loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 11p loci in normal tissues (normal kidney and/or blood) from four of 67 Wilms' tumour patients. Autologous tumour DNA showed complete loss of the same, maternally derived, alleles. These observations indicate that the normal tissues were mosaic for cells heterozygous and homozygous for 11p(More)
The expression of a hematopoietic proteoglycan core protein (HpPG) gene is up-regulated during the early stages of myeloblast differentiation at a time point coinciding with the beginning of granule genesis (Stellrecht, C. M., Mars, W. M., Miwa, H., Beran, M., and Saunders, G. F. (1991) Differentiation 48, 127-135). The mechanism of this up-regulatory event(More)