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Leukocyte recruitment and inflammatory response play an important patho-physiologic role after cerebral ischemia. This study aimed to evaluate whether leukocyte adhesion molecules can predict clinical outcome in patients after ischemic stroke. We prospectively examined serial changes in p-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), macrophage antigen-1(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrocephalus following spontaneous aneurysmal sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is often associated with unfavorable outcome. This study aimed to determine the potential risk factors and outcomes of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in aneurysmal SAH patients but without hydrocephalus upon arrival at the hospital. METHODS One hundred and sixty-eight(More)
The clinical features of 22 adult patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis, retrospectively collected over a 16-year period, were reviewed. Otopharyngeal infection, haematogenous spread and cranial neurosurgery continue to be the predominant routes of infection. Most patients acquired the infection in the community, and predisposing underlying(More)
INTRODUCTION Platelet activation and its interaction with leukocytes are important in the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the value of platelet activation and platelet-leukocyte interaction in different subtypes of acute, non-cardio-embolic ischemic stroke. METHODS Fifty-four patients with acute, non-cardio-embolic(More)
PURPOSE Fall-related fracture is one of the most disabling features of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). A better understanding of the associated factors is needed to predict PD patients who will require treatment. METHODS This prospective study enrolled 100 adult idiopathic PD patients. Stepwise logistic regressions were used to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Statins reportedly have anti-inflammatory effects aside from their cholesterol-lowering effect. We investigated the effects of statins on serum hs-CRP level and clinical outcome of acute ischemic stroke (IS) patients. METHODS This prospective cohort study consequently evaluated patients with acute IS in a single medical center. Serum hs-CRP(More)
INTRODUCTION Statins reportedly have anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects aside from cholesterol-lowering. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of pre-existing statin use on platelet activation markers and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS This prospective study evaluated 172 patients with acute ischemic stroke(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the relationship between serial changes in circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and outcomes in patients with different subtypes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS This prospective cohort study evaluated 65 patients with AIS, including 45 with small-vessel and 20 with large-vessel diseases. The circulating(More)
INTRODUCTION Statins are reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects aside from cholesterol-lowering effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of statin therapy on oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) and the clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS This prospective study enrolled 120 patients with AIS divided in(More)
In this prospective study we report the results of EMG-guided BOTOX injections in a total of 15 cervical dystonia (CD) patients. Pre-treatment and post-treatment evaluations included physical examination results, Tsui ratings, and video recording. The dosage of BOTOX injection was determined by the EMG pattern, type of CD, and the degree of muscle(More)