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BACKGROUND Hydrocephalus following spontaneous aneurysmal sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is often associated with unfavorable outcome. This study aimed to determine the potential risk factors and outcomes of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in aneurysmal SAH patients but without hydrocephalus upon arrival at the hospital. METHODS One hundred and sixty-eight(More)
The clinical features of 22 adult patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis, retrospectively collected over a 16-year period, were reviewed. Otopharyngeal infection, haematogenous spread and cranial neurosurgery continue to be the predominant routes of infection. Most patients acquired the infection in the community, and predisposing underlying(More)
INTRODUCTION Statins reportedly have anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects aside from cholesterol-lowering. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of pre-existing statin use on platelet activation markers and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS This prospective study evaluated 172 patients with acute ischemic stroke(More)
Leukocyte recruitment and inflammatory response play an important patho-physiologic role after cerebral ischemia. This study aimed to evaluate whether leukocyte adhesion molecules can predict clinical outcome in patients after ischemic stroke. We prospectively examined serial changes in p-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), macrophage antigen-1(More)
INTRODUCTION Statins are reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects aside from cholesterol-lowering effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of statin therapy on oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) and the clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS This prospective study enrolled 120 patients with AIS divided in(More)
In this prospective study we report the results of EMG-guided BOTOX injections in a total of 15 cervical dystonia (CD) patients. Pre-treatment and post-treatment evaluations included physical examination results, Tsui ratings, and video recording. The dosage of BOTOX injection was determined by the EMG pattern, type of CD, and the degree of muscle(More)
OBJECTIVES Antiplatelet drugs are widely used for secondary prevention after cerebral ischemia of noncardioembolic origin and different antiplatelet drugs exert different pharmacologic effects. This study investigated differences in platelet activation markers in patients taking either aspirin or clopidogrel after acute ischemic stroke. METHODS A(More)
PURPOSE AND BACKGROUND Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by asthma, transient pulmonary infiltration, hyper-eosinophilia, and systemic vasculitis. Reported triggering factors include infections, drugs, allergic desensitization, and vaccinations, although cases involving the latter two are extremely rare. Herein,(More)
BACKGROUND To compare the value of ultrasonography for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS Eighty non-DM and 40 DM patients with electromyography-confirmed CTS were assessed and underwent high-resolution ultrasonography of the wrists. Cross-sectional area (CSA) and flattening ratio (FR) of(More)
BACKGROUNDS Nummular headache (NH) is currently considered a form of peripheral neuralgia originating from the terminal branch in epicranial tissue but its etiopathogenesis is still unknown. Since autoimmune disorders often involve the trigeminosensory nerve to provoke craniofacial pain, we hypothesize that autoimmunity aberration may play a role with(More)